Operant Conditioning of Heart Rate

@article{Shearn1962OperantCO,
  title={Operant Conditioning of Heart Rate},
  author={D W Shearn},
  journal={Science},
  year={1962},
  volume={137},
  pages={530 - 531}
}
  • D. Shearn
  • Published 17 August 1962
  • Medicine
  • Science
Delay of shock was made contingent upon acceleration of heart rate in human subjects. The number of accelerations rose across sessions for these subjects and fell for their yoked-controls who received equal amounts of noncontingent shock. A shorter delay produced more accelerations but faster adaptation. Interpretation of changes in heart rate is confounded by related respiratory changes. 
Evaluation of an intra-cardiac limit of learned heart rate control.
TLDR
None of the Ss increased VHR consistently, which suggests that operant conditioning of VHR is possible only when the conduction path between atria and ventricles is not interrupted. Expand
Learned stabilization of cardiac rate.
Human subjects learned to reduce cardiac-rate variability when a visual display provided synchronous feedback of their own heart rate. The increased stability was unaccompanied by significant changesExpand
OPERANT CONDITIONING OF HEART RATE SPEEDING
The purpose of this study was to see if heart rate (HR) slowing could be operantly conditioned. Ten experimental Ss and five yoked-control Ss were studied. Experimental Ss were positively reinforcedExpand
Patterns of autonomic and central nervous system responding during human operant heart-rate conditioning
Automatic and central nervous system responding was assessed during human operant heart-rate acceleration and deceleration conditioning. The results indicated that the decelerative changes in heartExpand
Unidirectional and large magnitude heart rate changes with augmented sensory feedback.
TLDR
Extended training of a single S with visual feedback resulted in consistent sustained HR increases of 15 to 35 beats per minute (bpm), but only slight decreases, which was accompanied by anxiety. Expand
Operant conditioning of increases in blood pressure.
  • L. Plumlee
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychophysiology
  • 1969
TLDR
Four monkeys were presented with 10 sec tones which terminated with shocks if the animal's diastolic blood pressure rose above a criterion level and remained high for 1 sec, and all subjects learned the avoidance task. Expand
Differentiation of an autonomic response through operant reinforcement
Making reinforcement contingent upon the emission of a skin potential response maintains a stable rate of responding in contrast to a declining rate in a non-contingently reinforced control group.Expand
Operant Conditioning of Heart Rate in Patients with Premature Ventricular Contractions
TLDR
The findings suggest that some aspects of cardiac ventricular function can be brought under voluntary control and once such control has been acquired, it can mediate clinically significant changes in cardiac function. Expand
Avoidance conditioning of heart rate in humans.
  • T. Frazier
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychophysiology
  • 1966
TLDR
It is demonstrated that punishment avoidance contingencies can be used to impose effective control over cardiovascular functioning and shape predetermined response patterns. Expand
Instrumental Modification of Autonomic behavior
The GSR to a signal light was observed as a function of contingent receipt or avoidance of shock. An “avoidance” paradigm appears to increase frequency of response to the CS and to reduce averageExpand
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