Operant Conditioning of Heart Rate

  title={Operant Conditioning of Heart Rate},
  author={D W Shearn},
  pages={530 - 531}
  • D. Shearn
  • Published 17 August 1962
  • Medicine
  • Science
Delay of shock was made contingent upon acceleration of heart rate in human subjects. The number of accelerations rose across sessions for these subjects and fell for their yoked-controls who received equal amounts of noncontingent shock. A shorter delay produced more accelerations but faster adaptation. Interpretation of changes in heart rate is confounded by related respiratory changes. 
Evaluation of an intra-cardiac limit of learned heart rate control.
None of the Ss increased VHR consistently, which suggests that operant conditioning of VHR is possible only when the conduction path between atria and ventricles is not interrupted. Expand
Learned stabilization of cardiac rate.
Human subjects learned to reduce cardiac-rate variability when a visual display provided synchronous feedback of their own heart rate. The increased stability was unaccompanied by significant changesExpand
The purpose of this study was to see if heart rate (HR) slowing could be operantly conditioned. Ten experimental Ss and five yoked-control Ss were studied. Experimental Ss were positively reinforcedExpand
Patterns of autonomic and central nervous system responding during human operant heart-rate conditioning
Automatic and central nervous system responding was assessed during human operant heart-rate acceleration and deceleration conditioning. The results indicated that the decelerative changes in heartExpand
Unidirectional and large magnitude heart rate changes with augmented sensory feedback.
Extended training of a single S with visual feedback resulted in consistent sustained HR increases of 15 to 35 beats per minute (bpm), but only slight decreases, which was accompanied by anxiety. Expand
Operant conditioning of increases in blood pressure.
  • L. Plumlee
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychophysiology
  • 1969
Four monkeys were presented with 10 sec tones which terminated with shocks if the animal's diastolic blood pressure rose above a criterion level and remained high for 1 sec, and all subjects learned the avoidance task. Expand
Differentiation of an autonomic response through operant reinforcement
Making reinforcement contingent upon the emission of a skin potential response maintains a stable rate of responding in contrast to a declining rate in a non-contingently reinforced control group.Expand
Operant Conditioning of Heart Rate in Patients with Premature Ventricular Contractions
The findings suggest that some aspects of cardiac ventricular function can be brought under voluntary control and once such control has been acquired, it can mediate clinically significant changes in cardiac function. Expand
Avoidance conditioning of heart rate in humans.
  • T. Frazier
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychophysiology
  • 1966
It is demonstrated that punishment avoidance contingencies can be used to impose effective control over cardiovascular functioning and shape predetermined response patterns. Expand
Instrumental Modification of Autonomic behavior
The GSR to a signal light was observed as a function of contingent receipt or avoidance of shock. An “avoidance” paradigm appears to increase frequency of response to the CS and to reduce averageExpand


Technique for Differential Reinforcement of Rate of Avoidance Responding
A new avoidance conditioning procedure generates high rates of responding compared with previously used procedures. The effect of manipulation of one of the important temporal parameters in theExpand
Gestation Period and Twinning in Chimpanzees
The length of the gestation period in 118 births in a colony of chimpanzees was found to be 226.8 days, with a standard deviation of 13.3 and a range of 196 to 260 days; thus the apparent twinning rate is higher than that in man. Expand
Schedules of Reinforcement (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1957)
  • 1962
Monoctilar visual depth perception in the new-born chick
  • 1961
This research was my doctoral dissertation in the department of psychology
  • 1960
The Perceptiont of the Visi0al World
  • 1950
A comparison of References and Notes