Paradigm shifts in the medical and surgical management of rhinologic and allergic disease
- Jivianne T. Lee
- American journal of rhinology & allergy
BACKGROUND Septal deviation is a condition of high prevalence, which ranges from 22% in newborns to 90% in adults. Surgical intervention is frequently considered in the management of patients with symptoms. Although many surgeons prefer either the endoscopic or the open approach to septoplasty, there is an ongoing debate regarding comparative outcomes between the two approaches. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature and provide pooled summary estimates to evaluate the efficacy and safety of open versus endoscopic septoplasty techniques. METHODS This study was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42014010730). MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, CINAHL, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Central Registry for Randomized Trials were searched for relevant studies by using the following keywords in varying combinations: "nasal septum," "nasal obstruction," "nasal cartilages," "nose," "nose diseases," "surgery," "nasal/septal deviation," and "septoplasty." All the studies that compared open versus endoscopic septoplasty techniques for the management of symptomatic septal deviation were considered. Two reviewers independently extracted data by using a preestablished extraction form and performed quality assessment by using the Jadad and Newcastle Ottawa Scales. Weighted pooled estimates were calculated and reported, along with relative risks and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS Fourteen studies met our inclusion criteria. When comparing open versus endoscopic septoplasty techniques, there was significant improvement in postoperative symptoms (i.e., nasal obstruction, headaches) (p < 0.05) in the endoscopic septoplasty group. There also were significantly fewer complications associated with the endoscopic septoplasty technique (p < 0.05). Based on the quality assessment, included studies were deemed at a moderate-to-high risk of bias. CONCLUSION Our analysis indicated that endoscopic septoplasty may have some advantages over open septoplasty. However, our findings should be taken with caution given the poor quality of included studies.