Open science challenges, benefits and tips in early career and beyond

  title={Open science challenges, benefits and tips in early career and beyond},
  author={Christopher Allen and D. Mehler},
  journal={PLoS Biology},
The movement towards open science is a consequence of seemingly pervasive failures to replicate previous research. This transition comes with great benefits but also significant challenges that are likely to affect those who carry out the research, usually early career researchers (ECRs). Here, we describe key benefits, including reputational gains, increased chances of publication, and a broader increase in the reliability of research. The increased chances of publication are supported by… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Open science and modified funding lotteries can impede the natural selection of bad science

Modified lotteries, which allocate funding randomly among proposals that pass a threshold for methodological rigour, effectively reduce the rate of false discoveries, particularly when paired with open science improvements that increase the publication of negative results and improve the quality of peer review.

Toppling the Ivory Tower: Increasing Public Participation in Research Through Open and Citizen Science

Prior to the emergence of professional researchers, amateurs without formal training primarily made contributions to science in what is known as ‘citizen science.’ Over time, science has become less

Navigating Open Science as Early Career Feminist Researchers

Open science aims to improve the rigor, robustness, and reproducibility of psychological research. Despite resistance from some academics, the open science movement has been championed by some early

Towards wide-scale adoption of open science practices: The role of open science communities

Open Science (OS) increases the quality, efficiency, and impact of science. This has been widely recognised by scholars, funders, and policy makers. However, despite the increasing availability of

How is open access publishing going down with early career researchers? An international, multi-disciplinary study

This study explores early career researchers’ (ECRs) appreciation and utilisation of open access (OA) publishing. The evidence reported here results from a questionnaire-based international survey

Barriers to Full Participation in the Open Science Life Cycle among Early Career Researchers

Open science (OS) is currently dominated by a small subset of practices that occur late in the scientific process. Early career researchers (ECRs) will play a key role in transitioning the scientific

Open Science: Recommendations for research on school bullying

The open science movement has developed out of growing concerns over the scientific standard of published academic research and a perception that science is in crisis (the "replication crisis").

Challenges that Early Career Researchers Face in Academic Research and Publishing

the academic community. Yet, in some respects, they occupy a selectively inferior niche due to structural constraints, as well as personal and professional limitations. ECRs, who are at an initial

Open Science and Single-Case Design Research

Research indicating many study results do not replicate has raised questions about the credibility of science and prompted concerns about a potential reproducibility crisis. Moreover, most published

Close to open—Factors that hinder and promote open science in ecology research and education

The Open Science (OS) movement is rapidly gaining traction among policy-makers, research funders, scientific journals and individual scientists. Despite these tendencies, the pace of implementing OS



Assessing scientists for hiring, promotion, and tenure

The content of this paper is hoped to serve as a basis for establishing best practices and redesigning the current approaches to assessing scientists by the many players involved in that process.

On the value of preprints: An early career researcher perspective

A perspective from an interdisciplinary group of ECRs on the value of preprints is provided and they advocate their wide adoption to advance knowledge and facilitate career development.

Scientific Utopia

Strategies for improving scientific practices and knowledge accumulation are developed that account for ordinary human motivations and biases and can reduce the persistence of false findings.

How open science helps researchers succeed

There is evidence that open research practices bring significant benefits to researchers relative to more traditional closed practices, including increases in citations, media attention, potential collaborators, job opportunities and funding opportunities.

Meta-assessment of bias in science

The findings suggest that, besides one being routinely cautious that published small, highly-cited, and earlier studies may yield inflated results, the feasibility and costs of interventions to attenuate biases in the literature might need to be discussed on a discipline-specific and topic-specific basis.

A manifesto for reproducible science

This work argues for the adoption of measures to optimize key elements of the scientific process: methods, reporting and dissemination, reproducibility, evaluation and incentives, in the hope that this will facilitate action toward improving the transparency, reproducible and efficiency of scientific research.

The preregistration revolution

Widespread adoption of preregistration will increase distinctiveness between hypothesis generation and hypothesis testing and will improve the credibility of research findings.

Badges to Acknowledge Open Practices: A Simple, Low-Cost, Effective Method for Increasing Transparency

When badges were earned, reportedly available data were more likely to be actually available, correct, usable, and complete than when badges were not earned, and there was no change over time in the low rates of data sharing among comparison journals.

Small is beautiful: In defense of the small-N design

It is argued that, if psychology is to be a mature quantitative science, then its primary theoretical aim should be to investigate systematic, functional relationships as they are manifested at the individual participant level and that, wherever possible, it should use methods that are optimized to identify relationships of this kind.

Fallibility in Science: Responding to Errors in the Work of Oneself and Others:

1 2 3 Commentary: 4 Fallibility in science: Responding to errors in the work of oneself and others 5 6 D. V. M. Bishop 7 8 Department of Experimental Psychology 9 University of Oxford 10 OX1 3UD, UK