Open-mindedness and intellectual humility

  title={Open-mindedness and intellectual humility},
  author={James S. Spiegel},
  journal={Theory and Research in Education},
  pages={27 - 38}
Among those who regard open-mindedness as a virtue, there is dispute over whether the trait is essentially an attitude toward particular beliefs or toward oneself as a believer. I defend William Hare’s account of open-mindedness as a first-order attitude toward one’s beliefs and critique Peter Gardner’s view of open-mindedness as a non-commital posture and Jonathan Adler’s claim that open-mindedness is a second-order recognition of one’s fallibility as a knower. While I reject Adler’s account… Expand
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