Open Science and Closed Science: Tradeoffs in a Democracy

  title={Open Science and Closed Science: Tradeoffs in a Democracy},
  author={Daryl E. Chubin},
  journal={Science, Technology \& Human Values},
  pages={73 - 80}
  • D. Chubin
  • Published 1 April 1985
  • Education
  • Science, Technology & Human Values
In 1942, when Robert Merton published his classic essay on the norms of science, the shadow of war extended across the world. The threat of fascismand its concomitant commitment to state ideology-appeared the antithesis of free and open scientific inquiry. Science, like nature, could not be shackled to a political system; instead, science served a higher rationality to which properly socialized scientists paid homage by contributing to the extension of certified knowledge. Merton argued that a… 
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