Open, aware, and active: contextual approaches as an emerging trend in the behavioral and cognitive therapies.

  title={Open, aware, and active: contextual approaches as an emerging trend in the behavioral and cognitive therapies.},
  author={Steven C. Hayes and Matthieu Villatte and Michael E. Levin and Mikaela J. Hildebrandt},
  journal={Annual review of clinical psychology},
A wave of new developments has occurred in the behavioral and cognitive therapies that focuses on processes such as acceptance, mindfulness, attention, or values. In this review, we describe some of these developments and the data regarding them, focusing on information about components, moderators, mediators, and processes of change. These "third wave" methods all emphasize the context and function of psychological events more so than their validity, frequency, or form, and for these reasons… 

Acceptance and commitment therapy.

  • M. Twohig
  • Psychology
    Handbook of cognitive behavioral therapy: Overview and approaches (Vol. 1).
  • 2021
ACT is an example of a third wave behavior therapy that saves direct change strategies for overt behaviors and utilizes contextual and experiential methods such as mindfulness and acceptance to

“Third‐wave” cognitive and behavioral therapies and the emergence of a process‐based approach to intervention in psychiatry

  • S. HayesS. Hofmann
  • Psychology
    World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association
  • 2021
It is argued that these newer methods can be considered in the context of an idiographic approach to process‐based functional analysis, which would be a major advance in psychiatry and an important step toward precision mental health care.

Introduction: The Basics of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

This is the introductory article to a special series in Cognitive and Behavioral Practice on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). Instead of each article herein reviewing the basics of ACT, this

Decoupling as a Mechanism of Change in Mindfulness and Acceptance

Preliminary evidence for decoupling effects were found across a broad range of problem areas, including substance abuse, depression, eating disorders, overeating, chronic pain, anxiety, relationships, anger, avoidance behavior, and self-harm, with the strongest evidence currently available in the area of substance abuse.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Areas of Overlap and Distinction

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) are often grouped together as “third-wave” cognitive behavioral therapies and have become increasingly popular among



Acceptance and commitment therapy: model, processes and outcomes.

Contemporary behavioral activation treatments for depression: procedures, principles, and progress.

The origins and current status of behavioral activation treatments for depression.

The origins of a behavioral model of depression and the behavioral activation (BA) approach to the treatment and prevention of depression are summarized.

A review of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) empirical evidence: Correlational, experimental psychopathology, component and outcome studies.

This article analyzes the general empirical evidence concerning Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). In the first place, a brief description of the ACT philosophical and theoretical roots is

Do we need to challenge thoughts in cognitive behavior therapy?

Cognitive therapy: looking backward, looking forward.

The future will bring with it increased demands on cognitive therapy for evaluation of processes of change, including identification of therapeutic specifics and nonspecifics, technical specification of the process of therapy, and examination of therapist and patient predictors of change), and accountability and efficiency in the public and private sectors.

Cognitive therapy: past, present, and future.

  • A. Beck
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1993
It is concluded that cognitive therapy has fulfilled the criteria of a system of psychotherapy by providing a coherent, testable theory of personality, psychopathology, and therapeutic change; a teachable and testable set of therapeutic principles, strategies, and techniques that articulate with the theory; and a body of clinical and empirical data that support the theory and the efficacy of the theory.

Processes of Change in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Cognitive Therapy for Depression: A Mediation Reanalysis of Zettle and Rains

This study presents a reanalysis of data from Zettle and Rains that compared 12 weeks of group CT with group ACT and adds additional evidence that ACT works through distinct and theoretically specified processes that are not the same as CT.

Detached Mindfulness In Cognitive Therapy: A Metacognitive Analysis And Ten Techniques

This paper describes the nature and information processing requirements of detached mindfulness. The construct emerged from the self-regulatory information processing theory of emotional disorder