Onyalai--the possible involvement of a mycotoxin produced by Phoma sorghina in the aetiology.


A number of species of fungi were isolated from millet (Pennisetum typhoides Staph and Hubb) and grain sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers) obtained from the households of patients suffering from onyalai. Several proved to be toxic to rats and chickens, including Phoma sorghina (Sacc.) which was the predominating fungus. Cultures of P. sorghina grown on maize and… (More)