Ontological confusions but not mentalizing abilities predict religious belief, paranormal belief, and belief in supernatural purpose

@article{Lindeman2015OntologicalCB,
  title={Ontological confusions but not mentalizing abilities predict religious belief, paranormal belief, and belief in supernatural purpose},
  author={Marjaana Lindeman and Annika M. Svedholm-H{\"a}kkinen and Jari Lipsanen},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={2015},
  volume={134},
  pages={63-76}
}
The current research tested the hypothesis that the abilities for understanding other people's minds give rise to the cognitive biases that underlie supernatural beliefs. We used structural equation modeling (N=2789) to determine the roles of various mentalizing tendencies, namely self-reported affective and cognitive empathy (i.e., mind reading), actual cognitive and affective empathic abilities, hyper-empathizing, and two cognitive biases (core ontological confusions and promiscuous teleology… CONTINUE READING

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