Ontological Frameworks for Scientific Theories

@article{Arenhart2012OntologicalFF,
  title={Ontological Frameworks for Scientific Theories},
  author={Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart},
  journal={Foundations of Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={17},
  pages={339-356}
}
  • J. Arenhart
  • Published 8 April 2012
  • Philosophy
  • Foundations of Science
A close examination of the literature on ontology may strike one with roughly two distinct senses of this word. According to the first of them, which we shall call traditional ontology, ontology is characterized as the a priori study of various “ontological categories”. In a second sense, which may be called naturalized ontology, ontology relies on our best scientific theories and from them it tries to derive the ultimate furniture of the world. From a methodological point of view these two… 

The (meta)metaphysics of science: the case of non-relativistic quantum mechanics

Traditionally, to be a realist about something means believing in the independent existence of that something. In this line of thought, a scientific realist is someone who believes in the objective

Semantic analysis of non-reflexive logics

  • J. Arenhart
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
    Log. J. IGPL
  • 2014
It is argued that there is a reasonable formal semantics for non-reflexive logics with interesting features, and it is suggested that issues concerning the representational apparatus rely more heavily on metaphysical assumptions then the foes of non-individuality are willing to concede.

Floating free from physics: the metaphysics of quantum mechanics

We discuss some methodological aspects of the relation between physics and metaphysics by dealing specifically with the case of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Our main claim is that current

The Price of True Contradictions About the World

We examine an argument advanced by Newton C. A. da Costa according to which there may be true contradictions about the concrete world. This is perhaps one of the few arguments advancing this kind of

Between Physics and Metaphysics: A Discussion of the Status of Mind in Quantum Mechanics

We discuss the ‘Consciousness Causes Collapse Hypothesis’ (CCCH), the interpretation of quantum mechanics according to which consciousness solves the measurement problem. At first, it seems that the

The spectrum of metametaphysics

Scientific realism is typically associated with metaphysics. One current incarnation of such an association concerns the requirement of a metaphysical characterization of the entities one is being a

NÃO-INDIVIDUALIDADE EM MECÂNICA QUÂNTICA

The non-relativistic quantum mechanics offers us conditions to consider at least two possible metaphysical packages, but incompatible between themselves: metaphysics of individuals, and metaphysics

The received view on quantum non-individuality: formal and metaphysical analysis

This paper shall discuss how the specific characterization of the RV through non-reflexive logics came to be framed and how some of these alternative approaches to the RV may be immune to most of the criticisms presented against the non- Reflexive approach.

Does weak discernibility determine metaphysics

Two entities are weakly discernible when an irreflexive and symmetric relation holds between them. That weak discernibility holds in quantum mechanics is fairly uncontroversial nowadays. The

Understanding quantum mechanics: a review and synthesis in precise language

This review is broad in scope, and aims to reflect enough of the literature to be representative of the current state of the subject, and to contribute to achieving greater consensus on how to understand quantum mechanics.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES

Quine and Ontology

Ontology played a very large role in Quine’s philosophy and was one of his major preoccupations from the early 30’s to the end of his life. His work on ontology provided a basic framework for most of

Axiomatization and Models of Scientific Theories

Two approaches to the axiomatization of scientific theories in the context of the so called semantic approach are discussed, according to which (roughly) a theory can be seen as a class of models.

The rationality of metaphysics

In this paper, it is argued that metaphysics, conceived as an inquiry into the ultimate nature of mind-independent reality, is a rationally indispensable intellectual discipline, with the a priori

Logic and Ontology

A new stand regarding the relations between logic and ontology is defended, and some first order heterodox logics as genuine alternatives to classical logic are accepted.

Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science

"Semantic incommensurability", i.e., non-translatabilityofconcepts taken from different theories, is at the focus of the argument. 1 attempt to give a rational reconstruction of the notion underlying

Structures and Models of Scientific Theories: A Discussion on Quantum Non-Individuality

In this paper we consider the notions of structure and models within the semantic approach to theories. To highlight the role of the mathematics used to build the structures which will be taken as

Monism: The One True Logic

Logical pluralism is the claim that different accounts of validity can be equally correct. Beall and Restall have recently defended this position. Validity is a matter of truth-preservation over

Withering away, weakly

It is argued there is a straightforward manner to consider the recent results as a reason in favour of OntSR, because precisely their newly discovered discernibility prevents them from ‘whithering away’.

Theories of Individuation: A Reconsideration of Bare Particulars

The metaphysical problem of individuation requires an answer to two different but intimately related questions: 1) How are we to characterize individuality ontologically? To what ontological category

Primitive Thisness and Primitive Identity

Is the world—and are all possible worlds—constituted by purely qualitative facts, or does thisness hold a place beside suchness as a fundamental feature of reality? Some famous philosophers—Leibniz,