Ontological Frameworks for Scientific Theories

@article{Arenhart2012OntologicalFF,
  title={Ontological Frameworks for Scientific Theories},
  author={Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart},
  journal={Foundations of Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={17},
  pages={339-356}
}
  • J. Arenhart
  • Published 8 April 2012
  • Mathematics
  • Foundations of Science
A close examination of the literature on ontology may strike one with roughly two distinct senses of this word. According to the first of them, which we shall call traditional ontology, ontology is characterized as the a priori study of various “ontological categories”. In a second sense, which may be called naturalized ontology, ontology relies on our best scientific theories and from them it tries to derive the ultimate furniture of the world. From a methodological point of view these two… Expand
Semantic analysis of non-reflexive logics
TLDR
It is argued that there is a reasonable formal semantics for non-reflexive logics with interesting features, and it is suggested that issues concerning the representational apparatus rely more heavily on metaphysical assumptions then the foes of non-individuality are willing to concede. Expand
Floating free from physics: the metaphysics of quantum mechanics
We discuss some methodological aspects of the relation between physics and metaphysics by dealing specifically with the case of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Our main claim is that currentExpand
The Price of True Contradictions About the World
We examine an argument advanced by Newton C. A. da Costa according to which there may be true contradictions about the concrete world. This is perhaps one of the few arguments advancing this kind ofExpand
Between Physics and Metaphysics: A Discussion of the Status of Mind in Quantum Mechanics
We discuss the ‘Consciousness Causes Collapse Hypothesis’ (CCCH), the interpretation of quantum mechanics according to which consciousness solves the measurement problem. At first, it seems that theExpand
NÃO-INDIVIDUALIDADE EM MECÂNICA QUÂNTICA
The non-relativistic quantum mechanics offers us conditions to consider at least two possible metaphysical packages, but incompatible between themselves: metaphysics of individuals, and metaphysicsExpand
The received view on quantum non-individuality: formal and metaphysical analysis
TLDR
This paper shall discuss how the specific characterization of the RV through non-reflexive logics came to be framed and how some of these alternative approaches to the RV may be immune to most of the criticisms presented against the non- Reflexive approach. Expand
Does weak discernibility determine metaphysics
Two entities are weakly discernible when an irreflexive and symmetric relation holds between them. That weak discernibility holds in quantum mechanics is fairly uncontroversial nowadays. TheExpand
Understanding quantum mechanics: a review and synthesis in precise language
TLDR
This review is broad in scope, and aims to reflect enough of the literature to be representative of the current state of the subject, and to contribute to achieving greater consensus on how to understand quantum mechanics. Expand
Is Coronavirus an object? Metametaphysics meets medical sciences
In ontological terms, what can we learn from the current state of the art in Epidemiology? Applying the Quinean criterion of ontological commitment, we can learn that there are several fundamentalExpand
Mankind‟s Existence as First Commandment in Hans Jonas: Lessons for Contemporary Humanity
This paper seeks to present Hans Jonas’s view of the primacy of human existence amidst the catastrophes wrought by modern technology. It suggests that we understand the existence of mankind as theExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES
Quine and Ontology
Ontology played a very large role in Quine’s philosophy and was one of his major preoccupations from the early 30’s to the end of his life. His work on ontology provided a basic framework for most ofExpand
Axiomatization and Models of Scientific Theories
TLDR
Two approaches to the axiomatization of scientific theories in the context of the so called semantic approach are discussed, according to which (roughly) a theory can be seen as a class of models. Expand
From a Logical Point of View
TLDR
It is the wish of the author to keep general terms distinct from abstract singular terms, so that the over-all dis­ pensability of some assumption that has always rankled as ad hoc and unintuitive is discovered. Expand
The rationality of metaphysics
  • E. Lowe
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
  • Synthese
  • 2009
In this paper, it is argued that metaphysics, conceived as an inquiry into the ultimate nature of mind-independent reality, is a rationally indispensable intellectual discipline, with the a prioriExpand
Logic and Ontology
TLDR
A new stand regarding the relations between logic and ontology is defended, and some first order heterodox logics as genuine alternatives to classical logic are accepted. Expand
Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science
"Semantic incommensurability", i.e., non-translatabilityofconcepts taken from different theories, is at the focus of the argument. 1 attempt to give a rational reconstruction of the notion underlyingExpand
Structures and Models of Scientific Theories: A Discussion on Quantum Non-Individuality
In this paper we consider the notions of structure and models within the semantic approach to theories. To highlight the role of the mathematics used to build the structures which will be taken asExpand
Monism: The One True Logic
Logical pluralism is the claim that different accounts of validity can be equally correct. Beall and Restall have recently defended this position. Validity is a matter of truth-preservation overExpand
Withering away, weakly
  • F. Muller
  • Mathematics, Computer Science
  • Synthese
  • 2009
TLDR
It is argued there is a straightforward manner to consider the recent results as a reason in favour of OntSR, because precisely their newly discovered discernibility prevents them from ‘whithering away’. Expand
Theories of Individuation: A Reconsideration of Bare Particulars
The metaphysical problem of individuation requires an answer to two different but intimately related questions: 1) How are we to characterize individuality ontologically? To what ontological categoryExpand
...
1
2
3
...