Ontological Butchery: Organism Concepts and Biological Generalizations

  title={Ontological Butchery: Organism Concepts and Biological Generalizations},
  author={Jack Wilson},
  journal={Philosophy of Science},
  pages={S301 - S311}
  • Jack Wilson
  • Published 1 September 2000
  • Biology
  • Philosophy of Science
Biology lacks a central organism concept that unambiguously marks the distinction between organism and non-organism because the most important questions about organisms do not depend on this concept. I argue that the two main ways to discover useful biological generalizations about multicellular organization--the study of homology within multicellular lineages and of convergent evolution across lineages in which multicellularity has been independently established--do not require what would have… 

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