Online communities as communities of practice: a case study

  title={Online communities as communities of practice: a case study},
  author={Wei Zhang and Stephanie Watts},
  journal={J. Knowl. Manag.},
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate to which extent the concept of communities of practice (CoPs) can be applied to online communities and to explore how organizations can better utilize online social structures for their knowledge management practice. [...] Key ResultFindings – The results showed how an online community could manifest the practice and identity characteristics of conventional CoPs as community members actively engaged in their shared practice and identity development while…Expand
The role of members’ lived experience in the evolution of online communities toward online communities of practice
Purpose This paper aims to explore how the lived experience of online communities’ participants makes these communities evolve into online communities of practice (CoPs).
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To be sustainable, online communities must have the ability to attract and retain members, who in turn must be willing to participate by giving their time, knowledge, and effort to provide benefits
Beyond knowledge sharing: interactions in online discussion communities
The findings suggest that ODC users seemed to be engaged in a combination of online interactions to satisfy human sharing needs such as to share or acquire knowledge, establish a social presence and convey emotions.
Online Communities of Practice and Web 2.0
  • A. Manzoor
  • Information Diffusion Management and Knowledge Sharing
  • 2020
In contemporary Knowledge Management, communication and collaboration play very significant role. Knowledge exists within the stakeholders of an organization. Such knowledge, when extracted and
Online Communities of Practice and Web 2.0
In contemporary Knowledge Management, communication and collaboration play very significant role. Knowledge exists within the stakeholders of an organization. Such knowledge, when extracted and
Factors Influencing Teachers' Level of Participation in Online Communities.
The use of an online learning community is one possible approach to teachers’ professional development that can enhance the opportunity for collaboration. Discussions in online learning communities
Creating communities: the use of technology in craft and DIY communities of practice
It is suggested that being part of a COP allows participants to connect to others, build creative enterprise and learn or enhance skills, and some of the detailed ways in which the application of technology redefines craft and DIY COPs.
Facebooking in Distance Education: Constructing Virtual Communities of Practice
The growth of distance education warrants a closer look at how virtual communities of practice form in asynchronous online classrooms. Prior studies have sought to identify a process to virtual
Communities of Practice - Beyond the Hype: Analysing the Developments in Communities of Practice at Work
In order to cope with the developments in the knowledge economy, many organisations are looking for ways to optimize knowledge exchange and cooperation within and outside the organization. One of the
"I've Got a Situation and Would Appreciate Your Experience": An Extra-Organizational Virtual Community of Practice for Independent Professionals
  • Enrique Murillo
  • Sociology, Computer Science
    Int. J. Virtual Communities Soc. Netw.
  • 2012
An ethnography of an extra-organizational Usenet-based CoP of tax professionals is performed, using a longitudinal Social Network Analysis to map a tight-knit long-lived community and identify its members, highlighting how energetic voluntary participation by members produces a successful long- lived virtual CoP, even in the absence of organizational KM or IT resources.


Community of Practice: A Metaphor for Online Design?
It is believed that community of practice is not likely to be forced, but is emerging, and designers need to be aware of the characteristics of existing communities of practice to nurture them.
Cultural influences on knowledge sharing through online communities of practice
The results showed that these factors had different levels of importance among employees in the three participating countries, and the issue of saving face was less important than expected in China.
Group Behavior and Learning in Electronic Forums: A Sociotechnical Approach
The term community is widely and often uncritically used to characterize groupings of people who meet in electronic forums (e-forums). The research reported here shows how the casual use of the term
Communities of Practice: The Organizational Frontier
A community of practice is a group of people informally bound together by shared expertise and passion for a joint enterprise. People in companies form them for a variety of reasons-to maintain
What are communities of practice? A comparative review of four seminal works
Different interpretations of the idea of 'co-ordinating' communities of practice as a management ideology of empowerment are discussed, potentially confusing that the works differ so markedly in their conceptualizations of community, learning, power and change, diversity and informality.
Organizational Learning and Communities-of-Practice: Toward a Unified View of Working, Learning, and Innovation
Recent ethnographic studies of workplace practices indicate that the ways people actually work usually differ fundamentally from the ways organizations describe that work in manuals, training
Membership Size, Communication Activity, and Sustainability: A Resource-Based Model of Online Social Structures
  • B. Butler
  • Computer Science, Business
    Inf. Syst. Res.
  • 2001
The results suggest that while the use of networked communication technologies may alter the form of communication, balancing the opposing impacts of membership size and communication activity in order to maintain resource availability and provide benefits for current members remains a fundamental problem underlying the development of sustainable online social structures.
Knowledge Communities: Online Environments for Supporting Knowledge Management and its Social Contex
The issue of how to support the re-use of knowledge — under rubrics such as organizational memory, knowledge management and expertise management — has received increasing attention over the last
Structural and Epistemic Parameters in Communities of Practice
  • M. Thompson
  • Psychology, Computer Science
    Organ. Sci.
  • 2005
It is proposed that there are lower and upper parameters for structural intervention in communities of practice, where participants' willingness to express their ideas as conceptual boundary objects around which others may engage and develop ideas is a minimum requirement, but where too much inward communicative focus is likely to result in gradual loss of meaning, with a negative effect on the community.
Knowledge and Organization: A Social-Practice Perspective
While the recent focus on knowledge has undoubtedly benefited organizational studies, the literature still presents a sharply contrasting and even contradictory view of knowledge, which at times is