One subspecies of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus gallus) suffices as the matriarchic ancestor of all domestic breeds.

@article{Fumihito1994OneSO,
  title={One subspecies of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus gallus) suffices as the matriarchic ancestor of all domestic breeds.},
  author={Akishinonomiya Fumihito and Tsutomu Miyake and Shin-ichiro Sumi and Masaaki Takada and Susumu Ohno and Naoko Iwahashi Kondo},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={1994},
  volume={91 26},
  pages={12505-9}
}
The noncoding control region of the mitochondrial DNA of various gallinaceous birds was studied with regard to its restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and sequences of the first 400 bases. Tandem duplication of the 60-base unit was established as a trait unique to the genus Gallus, which is shared neither by pheasants nor by quails. Unlike its close ally Gallus varius (green junglefowl), the red junglefowl Gallus gallus is a genetically very diverse species; the 7.0% sequence… CONTINUE READING
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