One-pot surfactantless route to polyaniline hollow nanospheres with incontinuous multicavities and application for the removal of lead ions from water.


Polyaniline (PANI) hollow nanospheres with controllable incontinuous nanocavities ranging in size from 10 to 50 nm as a novel hollow nanostructure have been successfully fabricated by chemical polymerization of aniline with chloroaurate acid as the oxidant and citric acid as the doping acid. Experimental factors, such as concentration and kind of oxidant… (More)
DOI: 10.1021/la300619d


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