One-Third of Reef-Building Corals Face Elevated Extinction Risk from Climate Change and Local Impacts

@article{Carpenter2008OneThirdOR,
  title={One-Third of Reef-Building Corals Face Elevated Extinction Risk from Climate Change and Local Impacts},
  author={Kent E. Carpenter and Muhammad Abrar and Greta Smith Aeby and Richard B. Aronson and Stuart Banks and Andrew w. Bruckner and Angel Chiriboga and Jorge Cort{\'e}s and J. Charles Delbeek and L. M. Devantier and Graham J. Edgar and Alasdair J. Edwards and Douglas Fenner and Hector M. Guzman and Bert W. Hoeksema and Gregor Hodgson and Ofri Johan and Wilfredo Y Licuanan and Suzanne Rachel Livingstone and Edward R. Lovell and Jennifer A. Moore and David Obura and Domingo Ochavillo and Beth A Polidoro and William F. Precht and Miledel Christine C. Quibilan and Clarissa Reboton and Zoe T. Richards and Alex Rogers and Jonnell C. Sanciangco and Anne Sheppard and Charles Sheppard and Jennifer Smith and Simon N. Stuart and Emre Turak and John E. N. Veron and Carden C. Wallace and Ernesto Weil and Elizabeth Wood},
  journal={Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={321},
  pages={560 - 563}
}
The conservation status of 845 zooxanthellate reef-building coral species was assessed by using International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List Criteria. Of the 704 species that could be assigned conservation status, 32.8% are in categories with elevated risk of extinction. Declines in abundance are associated with bleaching and diseases driven by elevated sea surface temperatures, with extinction risk further exacerbated by local-scale anthropogenic disturbances. The proportion of… Expand
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