One Step, Two Step, Network Step? Complementary Perspectives on Communication Flows in Twittered Citizen Protests

@article{Hilbert2017OneST,
  title={One Step, Two Step, Network Step? Complementary Perspectives on Communication Flows in Twittered Citizen Protests},
  author={Martin Hilbert and Javier V{\'a}squez and Daniel Halpern and Sebasti{\'a}n Valenzuela and Eduardo Arriagada},
  journal={Social Science Computer Review},
  year={2017},
  volume={35},
  pages={444 - 461}
}
The article analyzes the nature of communication flows during social conflicts via the digital platform Twitter. We gathered over 150,000 tweets from citizen protests for nine environmental social movements in Chile and used a mixed methods approach to show that long-standing paradigms for social mobilization and participation are neither replicated nor replaced but reshaped. In digital platforms, long-standing communication theories, like the 1955 two-step flow model, are still valid, while… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Influencers on the Russian Twitter: institutions vs. people in the discussion on migrants
TLDR
This work focuses on the Twitter discussion about an inter-ethnic conflict in Moscow's Biryuliovo district in 2013 and aims at defining who were its real influencers by reconstructing the discussion's web graph, as well as analyzing and juxtaposing its metrics to figures indicating user activity.
Ties, Likes, and Tweets: Using Strong and Weak Ties to Explain Differences in Protest Participation Across Facebook and Twitter Use
Based on the theoretical concepts of social networks and technology affordances, this article argues that different social media platforms influence political participation through unique, yet
The public accountability of social platforms: lessons from a study on bots and trolls in the Brexit campaign
  • M. Bastos, Dan Mercea
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2018
TLDR
It is argued for improving researchers' access to data associated with contentious issues and suggest that social media platforms should offer public application programming interfaces to allow researchers access to content generated on their networks.
Influencers in the Political Conversation on Twitter: Identifying Digital Authority with Big Data
Interactivity is a defining characteristic of social media. Connections among users shape the network and have a direct impact on the political conversations that take place on digital platforms. In
Comparing Influencers: Activity vs. Connectivity Measures in Defining Key Actors in Twitter Ad Hoc Discussions on Migrants in Germany and Russia
TLDR
The results show that, in both discussions, the number of users involved matters most for becoming an influencer by betweenness and pagerank centralities, and contrary to expectations, Russian top users all in all are, in general, more neutral, while Germans are more divided.
Diverging patterns of interaction around news on social media: insularity and partisanship during the 2018 Italian election campaign
ABSTRACT The paper considers how social media ecologies are affecting partisan engagement around political news and online attention economies by investigating the case of the 2018 Italian general
We Face, I Tweet: How Different Social Media Influence Political Participation through Collective and Internal Efficacy
TLDR
It is found that frequent usage of Facebook and Twitter for sharing political information is conducive to higher levels of participation through different efficacy measures.
Understanding big social networks: Applied methods for computational social science
The burst of Web 2.0 services during the early years of the 21 century generated along list of online social media platforms cultivating online participatory culture. In 2018 about 69% of adult
Distorting Political Communication: The Effect Of Hyperactive Users In Online Social Networks
TLDR
This paper defines the hyperactive user on the social media platform Facebook, and proves that hyperactive users have a significant role in the political discourse: They become opinion leaders, as well as set the content of discussions, thus creating an alternate picture of the public opinion.
Gatekeeping Fake News Discourses on Mainstream Media Versus Social Media
This study analyzes mainstream media (MSM) coverage of fake news discourse and compares it with social networking sites (SNS) users who reference the term “fakenews” in their tweets. The study
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 85 REFERENCES
The Two-Step Flow of Communication in Twitter-Based Public Forums
This study explores how a piece of information flows in social media–based public forums, whether opinion leaders emerge from this flow of information, and what characteristics opinion leaders have
The One-Step Flow of Communication
This analysis explores the transformation of public communication in the United States from a two-step flow of messages passing from mass media through a social mediation process, to a one-step flow
Are you connected? Evaluating information cascades in online discussion about the #RaceTogether campaign
  • Yang Feng
  • Computer Science
    Comput. Hum. Behav.
  • 2016
TLDR
A social network analysis of 18,000 unique tweets indicated five types of central users: conversation starter, influencer, active engager, network builder, and information bridge, and path analysis revealed that the number of people a Twitter user follows, thenumber of followers a user has, and theNumber of tweets a user generates within a time period helped a user increase his/her "indegree" connections in the network.
Broadcasters and Hidden Influentials in Online Protest Diffusion
This article explores the growth of online mobilizations using data from the indignados (outraged) movement in Spain, which emerged under the influence of the revolution in Egypt and as a precursor
Social movements and email: expressions of online identity in the globalization protests
  • M. Wall
  • Computer Science, Sociology
    New Media Soc.
  • 2007
TLDR
None of the lists was entirely successful as a vehicle for expressing movement identities, suggesting that while the internet may facilitate certain organizational activities of social movements, it appears to have less impact on their symbolic ones.
What is Twitter, a social network or a news media?
TLDR
This work is the first quantitative study on the entire Twittersphere and information diffusion on it and finds a non-power-law follower distribution, a short effective diameter, and low reciprocity, which all mark a deviation from known characteristics of human social networks.
The Whole Online World is Watching: Profiling Social Networking Sites and Activists in China, Latin America and the United States
Using a cross-cultural framework, this study relies on survey data to examine how activists in China, Latin America, and the United States use social networking sites for their mobilizing efforts.
Facebook, Twitter, and Youth Engagement: A Quasi-experimental Study of Social Media Use and Protest Behavior Using Propensity Score Matching
This study examines changes in the association between social media use and protest behavior in the context of growing social unrest among the younger population. Using propensity score matching, it
Tweet, Tweet, Retweet: Conversational Aspects of Retweeting on Twitter
TLDR
This paper examines the practice of retweeting as a way by which participants can be "in a conversation" and highlights how authorship, attribution, and communicative fidelity are negotiated in diverse ways.
The Arab Spring| The Revolutions Were Tweeted: Information Flows during the 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions
This article details the networked production and dissemination of news on Twitter during snapshots of the 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions as seen through information flows—sets of
...
1
2
3
4
5
...