One, no one, or one hundred thousand: how many wolves are there currently in Italy?

  title={One, no one, or one hundred thousand: how many wolves are there currently in Italy?},
  author={Marco Galaverni and Romolo Caniglia and Elena Fabbri and Pietro Milanesi and Ettore Randi},
  journal={Mammal Research},
Large carnivores in Italy and other European countries are protected by law to ensure their long-term conservation. Estimates of abundance and demographic trends of their populations are crucial for implementing effective conservation and management strategies. However, it is challenging to obtain basic demographic parameters for elusive species such as the wolf (Canis lupus). Monitoring wolf populations by standard field methods or non-invasive genetic approaches requires huge human efforts… 
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