Ondine-Hirschsprung syndrome (Haddad syndrome). Further delineation in two cases and review of the literature.


Two unrelated children with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS-Ondine syndrome) and long segment Hirschsprung disease are reported. Patient 1, a girl, is still alive at 3 years. Patient 2, a boy, died of viral pneumonia at 5.5 years. Continuous mechanical ventilation was necessary for months and those children could never be weaned from the respirator during sleep. Seventeen cases of this complex neurocristopathy are reviewed. Only six children (including our cases) survived beyond 2 years of age. Hypotonia, delay in developmental milestones or epilepsy were frequently observed. Ventilator dependency does not improve with time. Multifocal congenital neuroblastoma occurred in two children. Aetiology is unknown.


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@article{Verloes1993OndineHirschsprungS, title={Ondine-Hirschsprung syndrome (Haddad syndrome). Further delineation in two cases and review of the literature.}, author={A. Verloes and Catherine Elmer and Didier Lacombe and Cl Heinrichs and Elisabeth Rebuffat and J-L Demarquez and Anne Moncla and Emilie Adam}, journal={European journal of pediatrics}, year={1993}, volume={152 1}, pages={75-7} }