Once-Daily Cefazolin and Probenecid for Skin and Soft Tissue Infections

@article{Cox2004OnceDailyCA,
  title={Once-Daily Cefazolin and Probenecid for Skin and Soft Tissue Infections},
  author={Victoria C Cox and Peter J. Zed},
  journal={Annals of Pharmacotherapy},
  year={2004},
  volume={38},
  pages={458 - 463}
}
OBJECTIVE To review the pharmacokinetic and clinical evidence for the use of once-daily cefazolin and probenecid in the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI). DATA SOURCES MEDLINE (1966–July 2003), EMBASE (1980–July 2003), and PubMed (1966–July 2003) databases for English language, human reports were searched. Search terms included cefazolin, probenecid, cellulitis, and soft tissue infections. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION Studies that described pharmacokinetic and clinical… 

Risk Factors of Cellulitis Treatment Failure with Once-Daily Intravenous Cefazolin Plus Oral Probenecid

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The Management of Outpatient Cellulitis at The Moncton Hospital before and after the Initiation of a Clinical Treatment Pathway

The introduction of a clinical order set outlining the preferential use of once-daily cefazolin plus probenecid for the treatment of outpatient cellulitis lead to a statistically significant increase use of cefzolin, and decrease use of ceftriaxone, thus demonstrating a positive stewardship effect at a local level.

Management of Cellulitis in a Pediatric Emergency Department

Noncomplicated, nonfacial cellulitis is most commonly treated using first-generation cephalosporins and twice-daily cefazolin and probenecid was associated with less treatment failures and admissions than cefzolin alone and may represent a reasonable alternative for children with nonf facial cellulitis requiring intravenous antibiotics.

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The treatment of cellulitis with daily emergency department-based intravenous antibiotics has a failure rate of more than 25% in the authors' centre, and cellulitis patients with a larger surface area of infection and previous (failed) oral therapy are more likely to fail treatment.

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References

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Once-daily dosing with teicoplanin may allow physicians to treat skin and soft tissue infections on a totally outpatient basis and show similar overall efficacy to cefazolin.

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Probenecid 500 mg given orally 4 times daily was effective in maintaining therapeutic serum concentrations of cefazolin at steady-state when given with intravenous cefzolin 2000 mg once daily.

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Once daily teicoplanin appeared to be safe and effective therapy for skin and soft tissue infections caused by gram-positive bacteria.

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The therapeutic efficacy of a combination of a cephalosporin with probenecid has been most thoroughly studied for single-dose treatment of gonorrhoea and the success of ceftriaxone administered alone for treatment of both penicillase-producing and non-penicillases-producing strains of N. gonor rhoeae suggests that the addition of probenECid is unnecessary.

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Once-daily intravenous cefazolin plus oral probenecid is equivalent to once-daily intravenous ceftriaxone plus oral placebo for the treatment of moderate-to-severe cellulitis in adults.

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The once-daily regimen of cefazolin-probenecid is a cheap, practical, and effective treatment option for moderate-to-severe cellulitis, and it avoids the need to use third-generation cephalosporins in most patients.