OnabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of a "gummy smile".

@article{Suber2014OnabotulinumtoxinAFT,
  title={OnabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of a "gummy smile".},
  author={Jessica S Suber and T. P. Dinh and M. Prince and P. Smith},
  journal={Aesthetic surgery journal},
  year={2014},
  volume={34 3},
  pages={
          432-7
        }
}
  • Jessica S Suber, T. P. Dinh, +1 author P. Smith
  • Published 2014
  • Medicine
  • Aesthetic surgery journal
  • BACKGROUND Excessive gingival display, or a "gummy smile," is defined as 2 mm or more of gingival exposure upon smiling. Such excessive gingival exposure can be aesthetically unappealing to patients. One factor that contributes to a gummy smile is hyperfunctional lip elevator muscles. OBJECTIVES The authors evaluate onabotulinumtoxinA as a safe and minimally invasive treatment for a gummy smile. METHODS In this prospective study, 14 patients (13 women, 1 man) underwent pretreatment… CONTINUE READING
    31 Citations

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