On thin ice: problems with Stanford and Bradley's proposed Solutrean colonisation of North America

  title={On thin ice: problems with Stanford and Bradley's proposed Solutrean colonisation of North America},
  author={Michael J. O’Brien and Matthew T. Boulanger and Mark Collard and Briggs Buchanan and Lia Tarle and Lawrence Guy Straus and Metin I. Eren},
  pages={606 - 613}
Across Atlantic ice: the origin of America's Clovis culture (Stanford & Bradley 2012) is the latest iteration of a controversial proposal that North America was first colonised by people from Europe rather than from East Asia, as most researchers accept. The authors, Dennis Stanford and Bruce Bradley, argue that Solutrean groups from southern France and the Iberian Peninsula used watercraft to make their way across the North Atlantic and into North America during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM… 

Setting the Stage: The Late Pleistocene Colonization of North America

The timing of human entrance into North America has been a topic of debate that dates back to the late 19th century. Central to the modern discussion is not whether late Pleistocene-age populations


Pre-Clovis in the Americas stems from a symposium held on – November , at the NationalMuseumofNaturalHistory inWashington, DC. Published in March, , this compilation consists of a foreword

Ten years of Solutreans on the ice: a consideration of technological logistics and paleogenetics for assessing the colonization of the Americas

Abstract In 2004, a theory positing that Western Europeans were among the first peoples to colonize North America was published within the pages of World Archaeology. Ten years later this theory

A Framework for the Initial Occupation of the Americas

  • D. Madsen
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2015
Abstract A substantial amount of archaeological data suggests groups with markedly different lithic technologies and subsistence adaptations were widespread throughout both American continents by

A Circum-Pacific Perspective on the Origin of Stemmed Points in North America

ABSTRACT The Western Stemmed and Paleocoastal technocomplexes are prevalent in western North America. A working hypothesis states they are associated with the late-Pleistocene human migration into

The Upper Paleolithic of the Americas

ABSTRACT Substantial archaeological and genetic data suggest that the initial occupation of the Americas is more complex and diverse than previously thought. As evidence for multiple patterns and/or

The Initial Colonization of North America: Sea Level Change, Shoreline Movement, and Great Migrations

A number of different scenarios have been proposed regarding the origin, timing, and directions initial populations took as they first entered the Americas. In this chapter the major colonization

On the Inferred Age and Origin of Lithic Bi-Points from the Eastern Seaboard and their Relevance to the Pleistocene Peopling of North America

Abstract Recently, advocates of an “older -than- Clovis” occupation of eastern North America have suggested that bi-pointed leaf-shaped lanceolate stone bifaces provide definitive evidence of human

Evidence of an early projectile point technology in North America at the Gault Site, Texas, USA

Age estimates from a series of alluvial sedimentary samples from the earliest cultural assemblage at the Gault Site, Central Texas indicate an early human occupation in North America before at least ~16 thousand years ago, and suggests that Clovis technology spread across an already regionalized, indigenous population.



Ice Age Atlantis? Exploring the Solutrean-Clovis ‘connection’

Abstract Bradley and Stanford (2004) have raised now, in several instances, the claim that European Upper Paleolithic Solutrean peoples colonized North America, and gave rise to the archaeological

Solutrean Settlement of North America? A Review of Reality

  • L. Straus
  • Environmental Science
    American Antiquity
  • 2000
Abstract The Solutrean techno-complex of southern France and the Iberian Peninsula is an impossible candidate as the “source” for either pre-Clovis or Clovis traditions in North America. Primarily

Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture

List of Illustrations and Tables Prehistoric Time Line Foreword by Michael B. Collins Introduction: The First Americans? Part 1. Paleolithic Peoples 1. Flaked Stone Technology: A Primer 2. Clovis:

The Solutrean Atlantic Hypothesis: A View from the Ocean

Abstract One current hypothesis for the Pleistocene peopling of the Americas invokes a dispersal by European hunter-gatherers along a biologically productive “corridor” situated on the edge of the


A recent article by Eren et al. () is the latest criticism of the hypothesis that some Late Pleistocene Solutrean groups from western Iberia came to the New World and that lasting vestiges of

The North Atlantic ice-edge corridor: A possible Palaeolithic route to the New World

The early peopling of the New World has been a topic of intense research since the early twentieth century. We contend that the exclusive focus of research on a Beringian entry point has not been

The Early Settlement of North America: The Clovis Era

Part I. Fluted Points and the Peopling of the Americas: 1.1. Introduction 1.2. Fin de siecle paradigm-busting, or what's at stake in the debate about the colonizing of North America? 1.3. How do

The genome of a Late Pleistocene human from a Clovis burial site in western Montana

The genome sequence of a male infant recovered from the Anzick burial site in western Montana is sequenced and it is shown that the gene flow from the Siberian Upper Palaeolithic Mal’ta population into Native American ancestors is also shared by the AnZick-1 individual and thus happened before 12,600 years bp.