On the threshold of adulthood: A new approach for the use of maturation indicators to assess puberty in adolescents from medieval England

  title={On the threshold of adulthood: A new approach for the use of maturation indicators to assess puberty in adolescents from medieval England},
  author={Mary Lewis and Fiona Shapland and Rebecca Watts},
  journal={American Journal of Human Biology},
This study provides the first large scale analysis of the age at which adolescents in medieval England entered and completed the pubertal growth spurt. This new method has implications for expanding our knowledge of adolescent maturation across different time periods and regions. 

Coming of age in the Netherlands: An osteological assessment of puberty in a rural Dutch post-medieval community.

This early onset and late completion caused a "stretch" of the overall duration of puberty compared to other collections, especially of the last three stages.

Bioarchaeological Approaches to the Study of Adolescence

ABSTRACT Adolescence is a key phase of the life course in modern western society, yet the study of adolescence in past populations has only recently developed. In this paper, we explore patterns of

Medieval menarche: Changes in pubertal timing before and after the Black Death

  • S. DeWitteMary Lewis
  • Economics
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2020
Menarcheal age between 1120 and 1540 CE is assessed to better understand the health of medieval adolescent females before and after the Black Death.

Coming of age in Roman Britain: Osteological evidence for pubertal timing.

Novel methods for the identification of the pubertal growth spurt and menarche in skeletal remains have been applied to two Romano-British cemetery samples in order to investigate the timing of puberty during this period and assess the veracity of the methods.

Puberty in the Bronze Age: First application of a puberty estimation method to a prehistoric population

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Doe, Danielle M., et al. "Puberty in the Bronze Age: First application of a puberty estimation method to a prehistoric population".

Assessing pubertal stage in adolescent remains: an investigation of the San Nicolás Maqbara burial site (Murcia, Spain)

Assessment of pubertal growth using osteological material to the San Nicolás Maqbara, a Hispano-Muslim burial site in the Spanish city of Murcia dating from the eleventh to thirteenth centuries AD suggests that the developmental patterns of theSan Nicolás adolescents appear to be quite similar to previously studied historic groups.

Testing times: identifying puberty in an identified skeletal sample

The first test of a skeletal method for identifying stages of development associated with the onset of puberty in a skeletal sample of known age and cause of death in Coimbra, Portugal shows that females mature faster than their male counterparts and asymmetry must be taken into account when dealing with partially preserved skeletons.

North and south: A comprehensive analysis of non-adult growth and health in the industrial revolution (AD 18th-19th C), England.

Northern and southern populations suffered alike from the detrimental environmental conditions associated with urban centers of the 18th-19th centuries, and the elevated prevalence of vitamin D deficiency seen within the Coach Lane sample is indicative of a regionally specific risk that may be related to latitude, and/or the influence of particular industries operating in the North-East.

Adolescence and innovation in the European Upper Palaeolithic

Abstract Abstract Childhood and adolescence are two stages of development that are unique to the human life course. While childhood in the Pleistocene has received considerable attention in recent



Trends in pubertal development in Europe

The four Dutch nationwide growth surveys are useful examples assessing the secular trend in pubertal development over the past 45 years, with Genetic and environmental factors contribute to the secular changes.

Brief communication: a proposed osteological method for the estimation of pubertal stage in human skeletal remains.

Analysis of skeletal remains from the medieval cemetery of St. Peter's Church, Barton-upon-Humber, England indicates that adolescents from this medieval site were entering the pubertal growth spurt at a similar age to their modern counterparts, but that the later stages of Pubertal maturation were being significantly delayed, perhaps due to environmental stress.

Brief communication: a proposed method for the assessment of pubertal stage in human skeletal remains using cervical vertebrae maturation.

This article presents a further skeletal indicator of adolescent development commonly used by modern clinicians: cervical vertebrae maturation (CVM), applied to a collection of 594 adolescents from the medieval cemetery of St Mary Spital, London.

Evolution, development and timing of puberty

Forty Years Trends in Timing of Pubertal Growth Spurt in 157,000 Danish School Children

The finding of declining age at OGS and at PHV indicates a secular trend towards earlier sexual maturation of Danish children born between 1930 and 1969, which is an important indicator of the general reproductive health in a population.

Puberty and Its Measurement: A Decade in Review

The neuroendocrine aspects ofuberty and its components, as well as the timing of puberty and its tempo, are addressed and recommendations for what is needed in the next decade regarding the measurement of puberty are made.

Evo-devo of human adolescence: beyond disease models of early puberty

It is shown that familial psychosocial stress fosters a fast life history and reproductive strategy rather than early maturation being just a risk factor for aggression and delinquency, and implications of an evolutionary-developmental-endocrinological-anthropological framework for theory building are explored, while illuminating new directions for research.

Determinants of menarche

The aim of this report is to review the recent developments and the current knowledge in the neuroendocrinology of pubertal onset and the factors, genetic and environmental, that influence menarcheal age.

The measurement of puberty: a review.

The paper closes by providing a summary of the findings which will be of relevance to those intending to critically review the current evidence surrounding age of puberty, as well as those set on carrying out future research into this area.

Maturation indicators and the pubertal growth spurt.