On the thermal description of the BTZ black holes

  title={On the thermal description of the BTZ black holes},
  author={Norman Cruz and Samuel Lepe},
  journal={Physics Letters B},

Adiabatic analysis of the rotating BTZ black hole

In this paper we analyze some interesting features of the thermodynamics of the rotating BTZ black hole from the Carathéodory axiomatic postulate, for which, we exploit the appropriate Pfaffian form.

Photon trajectories on a first order scale-dependent static BTZ black hole

In this paper we study the motion of massless particles on a static Bañados–Teitelboim–Zanelli black hole background in the context of scale-dependent gravity, which is characterized by the running

Quasinormal modes and thermodynamics of linearly charged BTZ black holes in massive gravity in (anti) de Sitter space-time

In this work we study the Quasi-Normal Modes (QNMs) under massless scalar perturbations and the thermodynamics of linearly charged BTZ black holes in massive gravity in the (Anti)de Sitter ((A)dS)

A new model of regular black hole in (2+1) dimensions

We provide a new regular black hole solution in dimensions with the presence of matter fields in the energy momentum tensor. The inclusion of our proposed energy density plus a negative cosmological

Quantum gravity effects on scalar particle tunneling from rotating BTZ black hole

Tunneling of scalar particles across the event horizon of rotating BTZ black hole is investigated using the Generalized Uncertainty Principle to study the corrected Hawking temperature and entropy in

Gravitational solitons, hairy black holes and phase transitions in BHT massive gravity

Hairy black holes and gravitational solitons in three dimensions for the new (BHT) massive gravity theory are considered at the special case when there is a unique maximally symmetric solution.

BTZ Black Hole with Higher Derivatives, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, and Statistical Entropy

I consider the thermodynamics of the BTZ black hole in the presence of the higher curvature and gravitational Chern-Simons terms, and its statistical entropy. I propose a new thermodynamical entropy,

The Sagnac effect on a scale-dependent rotating BTZ black hole background

In this paper, we investigate the Sagnac effect by calculating the difference in travel time and phase shift observed for photon beams counter-propagating in a rotating interferometer on a BTZ black

Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole with gravitational Chern-Simons term: Thermodynamics and statistical entropy

Recently, the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole in the presence of the gravitational Chern-Simons term has been studied, and it is found that the usual thermodynamic quantities, like the

Thermodynamics of BTZ black holes in gravity’s rainbow

In this paper, we deform the thermodynamics of a BTZ black hole from rainbow functions in gravity’s rainbow. The rainbow functions will be motivated from the results in loop quantum gravity and




We argue that the description of a block hole as a statistical (thermal) object must break down as the extreme (zero-temperature) limit is a approached, due to uncontrollable thermodynamic

Black hole in three-dimensional spacetime.

The standard Einstein-Maxwell equations in 2+1 spacetime dimensions, with a negative cosmological constant, admit a black hole solution that appears as a negative energy state separated by a mass gap from the continuous black hole spectrum.

Mass Formula for Kerr Black Holes

A new mass formula for Kerr black holes is deduced, and is constrasted to the mass formula which is obtained by integrating term by term the mass differential and which consists of three terms

Gravitation in 2+1 dimensions.

It is shown that all self-gravitating polytropic structures have the same gravitational mass and produce matter-filled spaces of finite spatial volume.

Thermodynamics and evaporation of the (2+1)-dimensional black hole.

  • Reznik
  • Physics
    Physical review. D, Particles and fields
  • 1995
The properties of cannonical and microcanonical ensembles of a black hole with thermal radiation and the problem of black hole evaporation in three dimensions (3D) are studied and black hole states are more probable than pure radiation states in the weak coupling regime.

Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatistics

GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CLASSICAL THERMODYNAMICS. The Problem and the Postulates. The Conditions of Equilibrium. Some Formal Relationships, and Sample Systems. Reversible Processes and the Maximum Work


  • A 6
  • 1991


  • Rev. D 55
  • 1997


  • Rev. D 51
  • 1995

Stellar equilibrium in 2+1 dimensions

The hydrostatic equilibrium of a (2+1)-dimensional perfect fluid star in asymptotically anti-de Sitter space is discussed. The interior geometry matches the exterior 2+1 black-hole solution. An upper