On the role of item similarity in retrieval-induced forgetting

  title={On the role of item similarity in retrieval-induced forgetting},
  author={Karl-Heinz T. B{\"a}uml and Armin Hartinger},
  pages={215 - 224}
We report on two experiments designed to examine how the similarity of retrieval-practised and not-retrieval-practised items influences the amount of retrieval-induced forgetting. Participants studied categorised item lists with each category consisting of exemplars from two different semantic subcategories. Using both the retrieval practice paradigm (Experiment 1) and the output interference paradigm (Experiment 2) we found that the retrieval of a subset of the studied items impaired the… 
Exploring Retrieval Induced Forgetting with ad hoc categories
The retrieval-practice paradigm has demonstrated that the act of selectively recovering some of the previously studied items from a category impairs the retrieval of the remaining items from that
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The results challenge the inhibition account’s fundamental assumption of cue independence but are consistent with a cue-based interference account.
Retrieval-induced forgetting in a category recognition task.
  • B. Spitzer, K. Bäuml
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2009
The result indicates that retrieval-induced forgetting is not restricted to item recognition but generalizes to category recognition tasks, and inhibitory as well as noninhibitory explanations of the finding are discussed.
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The first major meta-analysis of retrieval-induced forgetting is conducted, quantitatively evaluating the multitude of findings used to contrast these 2 theoretical viewpoints, and the results largely supported inhibition accounts but also provided some challenging evidence.
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Investigation of the relationship between distinctive processing of the original set and retrieval-induced forgetting found that the results are consistent with the view that distinctive processing benefits memory within an organizational context.
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These findings argue that retrieval-induced forgetting is not caused by increased competition arising from the strengthening of practiced items, but by inhibitory processes specific to the situation of recall.
Semantic Generation Can Cause Episodic Forgetting
This result indicates that, first, semantic generation can cause recall-specific episodic forgetting and, second, retrieval-induced forgetting can occur even if the retrieved and nonretrieved items belong to different experiential episodes and tasks.
Output Interference in the Recall of Categorized and Paired-Associate Lists
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A model for interference and forgetting
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