On the relative motion of the Earth and the luminiferous ether

  title={On the relative motion of the Earth and the luminiferous ether},
  author={A. Michelson and E. W. Morley},
  journal={American Journal of Science},
  pages={333 - 345}
THE discovery. of the aberration of light was soon followed by an explanation according to the emission theory. The effect was attributed to a simple composition of the velocity of light with the velocity of the earth in its orbit. The difficulties in this apparently sufficient explanation were overlooked until after an explanation on the undulatory theory of light was proposed. This new explanation was at first almost as simple as the former. But it failed to account for the fact proved by… Expand
The Effect of Radiation on the Motion of Meteoroids
It has been known for over a century that radiation pressure exerts a force on small particles in the direction of the radiation flow. It has also been recognised for a similar time that when thisExpand
Arago (1810): the first experimental result against the ether
Ninety five years before special relativity was born, Arago attempted to detect the absolute motion of the Earth by measuring the deflection of starlight passing through a prism fixed to the Earth.Expand
The Effect of the Relative Motion of Atoms on the Frequency of the Emitted Light and the Reinterpretation of the Ives-Stilwell Experiment
We examine the process of the emission of light from an atom that is in a relative translational motion with respect to the medium at rest in which the electromagnetic excitations propagate. TheExpand
GPS and the One-Way Speed of Light
The constancy of the speed of light in a vacuum is a fundamental idea in modern physics and is the basis of the standard of length in metrology since 1983. Its genesis is in the theory of specialExpand
How the Presence of Particle in the Light-Carrying Zone of the Michelson Interferometer Produces Anisotropy of the Speed of Light
In 1877 Maxwell suggested the idea of measuring anisotropy of the speed of light c in aether by the observing finite effects of the 2nd-order of the kinetic relationship υ/c. He kept in mindExpand
Observation of a significant influence of Earth's motion on the velocity of photons in our terrestrial laboratory
The paper reports the positive results obtained with a stationary Michelson-Morley interferometer operating during two consecutive years (2003-2005) in Bogota, Colombia. After subtracting theExpand
A genesis of special relativity
The genesis of special relativity is intimately related to the development of the theory of light propagation. When optical phenomena were described, there are typically two kinds of theories: (i)Expand
Light propagated distance and redshift of a distant star
According to the formerly reported 4-D spherical model of the time and universe, factors affecting the redshift are discussed. In addition to the factor from the space expansion, two other factorsExpand
Revisiting the Aether in Science
The aether, proposed to be a subtle primordial substance, was once thought to permeate all space and provide a substrate through which electromagnetic waves, such as light, traveled. It is a powerfulExpand
The Physics Surrounding the Michelson-Morley Experiment and a New Æther Theory
From the customary view the Michelson-Morley experiment is used to expose the failure of the aether theory. The key point in this experiment is the \emph{fringe shift} of the interference pattern.Expand