On the relationships between CO 2 emissions , energy consumption and income : The importance of time variation Ahdi

@inproceedings{Ajmi2015OnTR,
  title={On the relationships between CO 2 emissions , energy consumption and income : The importance of time variation Ahdi},
  author={Noomen Ajmi and Shawkat Hammoudeh and Duc Khuong Nguyen and Jo{\~a}o Ricardo Sato},
  year={2015}
}
a r t i c l e i n f o The environment that governs the relationships between energy consumption, carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions and gross domestic product (GDP) in the G7 countries changes over time due to variations in economic growth, regulatory policy and technology. Using a novel approach that may detect causalities when the time-constant hypothesis is rejected, we find significant time-varying Granger causalities among the variables under consideration. There is bidirectional causality… CONTINUE READING
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