On the relationship between recall and recognition memory.

@article{Haist1992OnTR,
  title={On the relationship between recall and recognition memory.},
  author={Frank Haist and Arthur P. Shimamura and Larry R. Squire},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  year={1992},
  volume={18 4},
  pages={
          691-702
        }
}
The relationship between recall and recognition has been a central topic for the study of memory. A test of alternative views about recall and recognition was arranged by studying amnesic patients. In amnesia, damage has occurred to a brain system important for declarative (conscious) memory, but skill learning, priming, and other forms of nonconscious memory are intact. Recall and recognition were found to be proportionately impaired in amnesic patients, and confidence ratings for the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The relationship between recall and recognition in amnesia: effects of matching recognition between patients with amnesia and controls.
To examine the relationship between recall and recognition memory in amnesia, the authors conducted 2 experiments in which recognition memory was equated between patients with amnesia and control
Human recognition memory: a cognitive neuroscience perspective
Preserved Recognition in a Case of Developmental Amnesia: Implications for the Acaquisition of Semantic Memory?
TLDR
His recall of previously unfamiliar newsreel event was impaired, but gained substantially from repetition over a 2-day period, consistent with the hypothesis that the recollective process of episodic memory is not necessary either for recognition or for the acquisition of semantic knowledge.
Intact perceptual memory in the absence of conscious memory.
TLDR
The authors report the first demonstration, using matched tests, of fully intact perceptual memory (priming) in a profoundly amnesic patient (E.P.), despite at-chance recognition memory.
On the development of declarative memory.
  • R. McKee, L. Squire
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1993
TLDR
It is suggested that the visual paired-comparison test also depends on declarative memory when the task is given to human infants, and successful performance on this task by infants probably reflects an early capacity for declaratives memory.
Recognition memory and familiarity judgments in severe amnesia: no evidence for a contribution of repetition priming.
The amnesic patient E.P. has demonstrated normal levels of repetition priming and at-chance recognition performance (S. B. Hamann & L. R. Squire, 1997), suggesting that the sense of familiarity used
Impaired recognition memory in patients with lesions limited to the hippocampal formation.
TLDR
Recognition memory impairment is a robust feature of human amnesia, even when damage is limited primarily to the hippocampus, and it is shown that recognition memory is impaired after damage limited to the hippocampal region.
Interfacing mind and brain: a neurocognitive model of recognition memory.
TLDR
A neurophysiologically based model of recognition memory retrieval is presented and it is shown that coupling recognition memory subprocesses with distinct old/new effects allow examination of the time course of the processes that contribute to correct and to illusory memories.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 86 REFERENCES
More on recognition and recall in amnesics.
TLDR
The findings of Hirst et al. are not paradigm specific and hold when amnesic recognition and normal recognition are equated by increasing the retention interval for normals, and further specify the selective nature of the direct memory deficit in amnesics.
Priming Effects in Amnesia: Evidence for a Dissociable Memory Function
  • A. Shimamura
  • Psychology, Biology
    The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, Human experimental psychology
  • 1986
TLDR
The phenomenon of preserved priming effects in amnesia is reviewed, relationships between priming and other memory functions are described, and what this spared memory function tells us about the organization of memory is commented on.
Implicit and explicit memory for visual patterns.
  • G. Musen, A. Treisman
  • Psychology, Biology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1990
TLDR
It is suggested that a single exposure of a novel, nonverbal stimulus is sufficient to establish a representation in memory that is capable of supporting long-lived perceptual priming, and recognition memory showed significant loss over the same delay.
Long-term memory in amnesia: cued recall, recognition memory, and confidence ratings.
  • A. Shimamura, L. Squire
  • Psychology, Biology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1988
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the residual knowledge retained by amnesic patients can be as flexible, as accessible to indirect cues, and as available to awareness as theknowledge retained by (delayed) control subjects.
Implicit memory: History and current status.
Memory for a recent event can be expressed explicitly, as conscious recollection, or implicitly, as a facilitation of test performance without conscious recollection. A growing number of recent
Measures of Memory
ionist Positions Abstractionist positions view implicit memory as reflecting modification of the state of abstract lexical, semantic, or procedural knowledge structures; byionist positions view
Priming and human memory systems.
TLDR
Evidence is converging for the proposition that priming is an expression of a perceptual representation system that operates at a pre-semantic level; it emerges early in development, and access to it lacks the kind of flexibility characteristic of other cognitive memory systems.
Neuroanatomy of memory and amnesia: a case for multiple memory systems.
TLDR
It is concluded that "memory" is not holistic, and the anatomical bases must be considered independently for each of the several dissociable (but normally interacting) systems.
Perceptual enhancement: persistent effects of an experience.
  • L. Jacoby
  • Psychology, Biology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1983
TLDR
It is concluded that both perceptual and memory tasks rely on the retrieval of memory for whole prior processing episodes but can differ in terms of the number and nature of retrieval cues that they provide.
Recognizing: The judgment of previous occurrence.
Several suggestions for a class of theories of recognition memory have been proposed during the past decade. These models address predictions about judgments of prior occurrence of an event, not the
...
...