On the possible use of fire by Homo erectus at Zhoukoudian, China

@article{Zhong2014OnTP,
  title={On the possible use of fire by Homo erectus at Zhoukoudian, China},
  author={M. Zhong and C. Shi and Xing Gao and Xiujie Wu and Fuyou Chen and Shuangquan Zhang and Xingkai Zhang and J. Olsen},
  journal={Chinese Science Bulletin},
  year={2014},
  volume={59},
  pages={335-343}
}
For decades, the so-called Peking Man (Homo erectus pekinensis) at Zhoukoudian has been considered to be a hominin that engaged in the controlled production and management of fire. However, relatively recent analyses have cast doubt on this assertion. The most compelling reason for this doubt was the absence of siliceous aggregates in the Zhoukoudian deposits. This study presents evidence establishing the controlled use of fire by Homo erectus pekinensis through analyses of four soil samples… Expand
Evidence of Hominin Use and Maintenance of Fire at Zhoukoudian
Evidence for “controlled use of fire” by Homo erectus pekinensis at Zhoukoudian Locality 1 was initially discovered in the early 1930s and was widely accepted as the earliest such record in humanExpand
The early use of fire among Neanderthals from a zooarchaeological perspective
Abstract Fire represented a real revolution in human lifestyles, transforming the way food was processed and leading to a new way of organising settlements and interacting socially. Yet, it is one ofExpand
Zhoukoudian in transition: Research history, lithic technologies, and transformation of Chinese Palaeolithic archaeology
Abstract Zhoukoudian, near Beijing, is where the Homo erectus Sinathropus pekinensis (Peking Man) fossils were found in the 1920s, and has always been a focus for studies of Palaeolithic archaeologyExpand
Inner tooth morphology of Homo erectus from Zhoukoudian. New evidence from an old collection housed at Uppsala University, Sweden.
TLDR
The results suggest the existence of time-related differences between continental and insular Southeast Asian dental assemblages, the Middle Pleistocene Chinese teeth apparently retaining an inner signature closer to the likely primitive condition represented by the Early Pleistsocene remains from Java, while the Indonesian stock evolved toward tooth structural simplification. Expand
How to find a fireplace in a burnt forest? Approaching the structure of Late Palaeolithic camps
Abstract Post-depositional fire events significantly affecting flint concentrations obstruct the location of hearths in Late Palaeolithic open air camps. Lacking the location of fireplaces in theExpand
The discovery of Late Paleolithic boiling stones at SDG 12, north China
Abstract A large number of broken stones were unearthed from the ash layer dating 11–12 ka at Shuidonggou Locality 12 (SDG 12) during archaeological excavations in 2007. Morphological andExpand
The use of fire and human distribution
TLDR
The current state of knowledge of the chronology of hominin dispersal into temperate latitudes, from the earliest occupants to the authors' own species, and the archeological evidence for fire use is outlined. Expand
Combustion at the late Early Pleistocene site of Cueva Negra del Estrecho del Río Quípar (Murcia, Spain)
Abstract Control of fire was a hallmark of developing human cognition and an essential technology for the colonisation of cooler latitudes. In Europe, the earliest evidence comes from recent work atExpand
Taphonomy and Zooarchaeology of Faunal Assemblages from Archaeological Sites along the Upper Susitna River, Alaska
Reported here is a zooarchaeological and taphonomic analysis of faunal material from the archaeological sites HEA-455 and HEA-499, located in the upper Susitna River basin in the central AlaskaExpand
Geophysical investigations identify hidden deposits with great potential for discovering Peking Man fossils at Zhoukoudian, China
The mysterious loss of five calvaria of Homo erectus and three skulls of Homo sapiens sapiens, unearthed from Zhoukoudian, a world cultural heritage site, during World War II is a great loss forExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES
Evidence for the use of fire at zhoukoudian, china
TLDR
A reexamination of the evidence in Layer 10, the earliest archaeological horizon in the site, shows that burned and unburned bones are present in the same layer with stone tools, but no ash or charcoal remnants could be detected. Expand
Site formation processes at Zhoukoudian, China.
TLDR
Details of site formation processes are provided mainly through field observations of the extant section at Locality 1, and the use of soil micromorphology and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR) analyses of the sediments. Expand
Age of Zhoukoudian Homo erectus determined with 26Al/10Be burial dating
TLDR
This study reports cosmogenic 26Al/10Be burial dating of quartz sediments and artefacts from the lower strata of Locality 1 in the southwestern suburb of Beijing, China, marking the first radioisotopic dating of any early hominin site in China beyond the range of mass spectrometric U-series dating. Expand
Zhoukoudian: A Closer Look [and Comments and Reply]
On-site observations on the faunal collections remaining in Beijing from the prewar excavations of Zhoukoudian are reported. Assessments are made regarding the degree to which these collectionsExpand
Mapping and taphonomic analysis of the Homo erectus loci at Locality 1 Zhoukoudian, China.
TLDR
Contextual relationships of fossil skeletal elements, relationships of carnivore damage and stone tool cutmarks on bone, and evidence of the burning of fresh bone associated with Homo erectus and stone tools support a model of transient hominid scavenging aided by the use of fire at the large hyenid den that became Zhoukoudian Locality 1. Expand
Taphonomy at a Distance: Zhoukoudian, "The Cave Home of Beijing Man"? [and Comments and Reply]
Zhoukoudian is often cited as yielding some of the earliest evidence for the use of fire and as documenting "man the hunter" living in caves during the Middle Pleistocene. In addition, it is commonlyExpand
Concentrations of “elemental carbon” in samples from the Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian and the possibility of their application in the development of evidence for the use of fire by humans
Abstract“Elemental carbon” (EC) is a C-rich, O-H-S-N-depleted substance that is necessarily produced in the process of combustion. Due to the long-term use of fire by cave-inhabiting ape-men,Expand
Tertiary Man in Asia: the Chou Kou Tien Discovery
A RICH fossiliferous deposit at Chou Kou Tien, 70 li [about 40 kilometres] to the south-west of Peking, was first discovered in the summer of 1921 by Dr. J. G. Andersson and later surveyed andExpand
Fire as Palaeolithic Tool and Weapon.
A number of recent discoveries have focused attention on questions relating to when and for what primary purposes fire was first used. The claim made in 1947 by Professor Raymond Dart (1952) thatExpand
Mineral Assemblages in Kebara and Hayonim Caves, Israel: Excavation Strategies, Bone Preservation, and Wood Ash Remnants
The mineral assemblages in prehistoric sites can provide essential information on several important topics in archaeology. One of the key analytical tools used is Fourier-transform infraredExpand
...
1
2
...