Corpus ID: 56233652

On the polymorphic meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera: Cercopidae).

@article{Yurtsever2000OnTP,
  title={On the polymorphic meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera: Cercopidae).},
  author={Selçuk Yurtsever},
  journal={Turkish Journal of Zoology},
  year={2000},
  volume={24},
  pages={447-459}
}
Due to its interesting biological aspects, the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius has received great attention from biologists for decades. It has been one of the extensively studied species in ecology and genetics. This homopteran insect shows very high habitat diversity and therefore has a wide global distribution. Adults exhibit a heritable colour/pattern polymorphism on the dorsal surface throughout its range. A similar colour/pattern variation also occurs in certain ventral parts… Expand

Figures from this paper

The high heritability estimates of ventral darkness variation in Philaenus spumarius (Homoptera: Cercopidae).
TLDR
The data, containing 568 individuals, including 40 parents and 528 progeny, which were obtained from laboratory crossing experiments, revealed that ventral darkness variation in P. spumarius is heritable and is a continuous trait. Expand
Hybrid crosses of the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera: Cercopidae) between New Zealand and Welsh populations
TLDR
The pure‐bred flavicollis (FLA) and lateralis (LAT) forms of Philaenus spumarius have not been crossed in previous studies of this species and produced the marginellus (MAR) phenotype in the heterozygous (F/L) combination in both females and males. Expand
Limited polymorphism in two spittlebugs, Philaenus spumarius (Linnaeus) and P. signatus Melichar (Hemiptera: Cercopidae), in island populations from Western Turkey
TLDR
Stochastic events such as random genetic drift may be the reason for shaping the polymorphism of these two sympatric species in Gökçeada and the absence of pigmentation alleles possibly indicates the founder effect. Expand
Polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius L. (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) in the Samsun (Mid-Black Sea Region) populations of Turkey
TLDR
Variation in the frequency of colour/pattern phenotypes of Philaenus spumarius (L.) is studied in the three local populations of Samsun (Mid-Black Sea Region), Turkey, which found non-melanic frequency was over 95%, which TYP (typicus) was the predominant phenotype, but POP (populi) in males. Expand
Ecology of the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius in the Ajaccio region (Corsica) – I: spring
TLDR
The strong relationship between P. spumarius and C. monspeliensis could be used to monitor spittlebug populations, to limit/concentrate the means of insect control, or in an agronomic context to lure insects away from crops. Expand
The colour/pattern polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) in the north-western Black Sea region of Turkey
TLDR
The heritable elytral colour/pattern polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius in north-western Black Sea region of Turkey was investigated and the predominant phenotype was TYP in females and males followed by POP in males. Expand
Ventral pigmentation variation in the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Hemiptera, Cicadomorpha: Cercopidae)
TLDR
An investigation of ventral pigmentation variation in Philaenus spumarius was carried out with laboratory breeding stock obtained from Llysdinam, Wales and indicated that the pigmentation on the ventral surface of the adult individuals which vary significantly is associated with dorsal morph. Expand
POPULATION GENETICS OF PHILAENUS SPUMARIUS ON THE ISTRANCA MOUNTAINS: II. POLYMORPHISM AND PHENOTYPE FREQUENCY
TLDR
Genetically controlled colour polymorphism of the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius in the populations of the Istranca Mountains was investigated and melanic phenotypes were limited to the female sex only. Expand
Assessing genotype-phenotype associations in three dorsal colour morphs in the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphrophoridae) using genomic and transcriptomic resources
TLDR
The authors' data suggested that major loci, consisting of multi-genomic regions, may be involved in dorsal colour variation among the three dorsal colour morphs analysed, but no homology was found between the associated loci and candidate genes known to be responsible for coloration pattern in other insect species. Expand
Polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius Linnaeus, 1758 (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Aphrophoridae) in the Altai Mountains
TLDR
The obtained data fully confirm the trends revealed in the previous research dedicated to polymorphism of P. spumarius: in humid regions morph composition is more meager and dark colour morphs are prevailing. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 113 REFERENCES
The Colour/Pattern Polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera: Cercopidae) in England and Wales
TLDR
The near-equality of melanic frequencies between the sexes in the majority of populations reported here suggests that the model of genetic control established for populations in the Cynon Valley also applies to most British populations and remains distinct from the model applying to Finnish populations. Expand
Balanced Polymorphism in North American Populations of the Meadow Spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (Homoptera: Cercopidae). 1. North American Morphs1
TLDR
The object of this study was to identify distinct phenotypes which could then be examined for genetic and distributional differences so as ultimately to allow a satisfactory explanation of the adaptive significance of the polymorphism in this species. Expand
Biosystematic studies on the spittlebug genus Philaenus with the description of a new species
TLDR
Surprisingly, some mountainous populations of P. spumarius also contained a new species of Philaenus, which occurred only at altitudes above 1200 m on Eryngium spp. Expand
Temperature and the colour polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae)
TLDR
There was considerable variation in reflectance for the populi–typicus morph group, and trilineatus is therefore the only true‘non‐melanic’morph, and thermal considerations do play some role in the broad and complex selection regime of P.spumarius. Expand
Density regulation in a population of Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera: Cercopidae)
TLDR
The population ecology of P. spumarius in a situation where it cannot be considered to be a pest is concerned in the hope that this may throw light on some of the reasons for its pest status elsewhere. Expand
Polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera, Cercopidae) in England
TLDR
The present study adds to Hutchinson's findings on variation in Britain, and includes some ecological observations and rearing experiments that consider the questions of the demarcation of colour forms and the relations of different colour forms with different host plants. Expand
Genetic control of colour/pattern polymorphism in British populations of the spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae)
TLDR
Breeding experiments, using P. spumarius taken from selected British populations, provide clear evidence that melanics are dominant to typical in both sexes, and it is suggested that regulatory loci, controlling the penetrance and expression of melanic alleles in males, could account for the observed differences in genetic control between populations in Britain and Finland. Expand
Industrial melanism in the spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L) (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae)†
TLDR
The visible polymorphism of the spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius, has been investigated in the vicinity of a smokeless fuel factory in the Cynon Valley of south Wales and it is suggested that this relationship is due to the selective effects of the local air pollution from the factory. Expand
Localized industrial melanism in the spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae) in Cardiff docks, south Wales
TLDR
It is suggested that the association of high levels of melanism in P. spumarius with areas heavily contaminated with particulate pollutants is due to direct selective effects of small particles favouring melanies. Expand
Population genetics of the spittlebug genus Philaenus (Homoptera: Cercopidae) in Greece
TLDR
The electrophoretically detectable variability of 18 enzyme loci was studied in three species of the genus Philaenus: P. loukasi, P. spumarius and P. signatus and a phylogenetic tree is constructed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...