On the origin, evolution and phylogeny of giraffes Giraffa camelopardalis

@article{Mitchell2003OnTO,
  title={On the origin, evolution and phylogeny of giraffes Giraffa camelopardalis},
  author={Graham Mitchell and John D. Skinner},
  journal={Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa},
  year={2003},
  volume={58},
  pages={51 - 73}
}
  • G. Mitchell, J. Skinner
  • Published 1 January 2003
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa
The origin, phylogeny, and evolution of modem giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) is obscure. We review here the literature and conclude that the proximate ancestors of modern giraffes probably evolved in southern central Europe about 8 million years ago (Mya). These ancestors appear to have arisen from the gelocid ancestral assemblage of 20–25 Mya via the family Palaeomerycidae. From the palaeomerycids arose the Antilocaprinae (Pronghorns) via the subfamily Dromomerycinae, and two subfamilies of… 
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