On the ontological status of autism: the ‘double empathy problem’

@article{Milton2012OnTO,
  title={On the ontological status of autism: the ‘double empathy problem’},
  author={Damian Milton},
  journal={Disability \& Society},
  year={2012},
  volume={27},
  pages={883 - 887}
}
  • Damian Milton
  • Published 21 September 2012
  • Psychology, Philosophy
  • Disability & Society
In recent decades there has been much debate over the ontological status of autism and other neurological ‘disorders’, diagnosed by behavioural indicators, and theorised primarily within the field of cognitive neuroscience and psychological paradigms. Such cognitive-behavioural discourses abstain from acknowledging the universal issue of relationality and interaction in the formation of a contested and constantly reconstructed social reality, produced through the agency of its ‘actors’. The… 
More on the ontological status of autism and double empathy
This response to Milton’s recent article on the ontological status of autism and double empathy also explores, through the lens of ‘double empathy’ and ‘theory of mind’, the issues of relationality
Autism, counselling theory and the ‘double empathy problem’
Embedded within diagnostic criteria for autism is the idea that autistic people have impaired social understanding. A number of psychological theories suggest autistic people have a deficit in
A Critical Realist Approach on Autism: Ontological and Epistemological Implications for Knowledge Production in Autism Research
The ontological status of autism has been a subject of considerable debate and philosophical approaches of it have been recent and sparse. On the one hand, from its conception, autism has been
Autistic expertise: A critical reflection on the production of knowledge in autism studies
  • Damian Milton
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Autism : the international journal of research and practice
  • 2014
TLDR
It is argued that autistic people have often become distrustful of researchers and their aims, and are frequently frozen out of the processes of knowledge production, which results in a negative feedback spiral with further damage to the growth of interactional expertise between researchers and autistic people.
Deconstructing existing frames of the ‘normal’: an insight into the Lifeworld of Autism using Qualitative Interviews and Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.
There has been a wealth of research in the field of autism, however, this tends to focus on medical discourses or on the societal construction of disability. Based on critical consideration of
Toward a Phenomenological Account of Embodied Subjectivity in Autism
  • Sofie Boldsen
  • Philosophy, Psychology
    Culture, medicine and psychiatry
  • 2018
TLDR
This work investigates how the phenomenology of Maurice Merleau-Ponty can be employed as a frame of understanding for bodily experience in autism and illustrates the relevance and potential of phenomenological philosophy in autism research.
Creating Contexts for Interaction in a Neurotypical World: Confronting Myths of Social Communication and Empathy
Deficits in language and social communication comprise an essential part of the diagnostic criteria for autism and Asperger’s disorder since autism was first described by Kanner and Asperger in the
'Natures answer to over-conformity': deconstructing Pathological Demand Avoidance
Throughout its history autism has been primarily defined in terms of a pathologised deviancy from normative cognitive functionality, despite protestations to the contrary from autistic writers
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
‘Filling in the Gaps’: A Micro-Sociological Analysis of Autism
When reviewing research related to autism, it is clear that it is dominated by biological and psychological concerns, with autism being defined as a developmental deviance, dysfunction, and deficit.
”Who am I meant to be?” In search of a psychological account of autism from the viewpoint of an insider
This paper critically reflects upon the most recent attempts to build a psychological explanatory model of the autism spectrum, from the positionality of an ‘insider’. This paper contains an overview
Autistic autobiography
  • I. Hacking
  • Philosophy
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2009
TLDR
This paper focuses on a series of autobiographies that began with Grandin's Emergence, and proposes that a new discourse is being made up right now, i.e. ways of talking for which the autobiographies serve as working prototypes.
Don't Mourn for Us.
This article was published in the Autism Network International newsletter, Our Voice , Volume 1, Number 3, 1993. It is an outline of the presentation Jim gave at the 1993 International Conference on
Studies in Ethnomethodology
TLDR
This work focuses on Ethnomethodology, which investigates the role of sex status in the lives of the Intersexed Person and some of the rules of Correct Decisions that Jurors Respect.
Orientalism
  • 郭婷
  • Chemistry
    Medical critic and psychological journal
  • 1861
TLDR
Familiarity, ease of access, trust, and awareness of risks, will all be important for the future.
Ableism within disability studies: The myth of the reliable and contained body
  • Paper presented at the Theorising Normalcy and the Mundane 2nd International Conference, September 14-15, in Manchester Metropolitan University, UK.
  • 2011
Phaedrus and Letters VII and VIII
  • Trans. W. Hamilton. London: Penguin.
  • 1973
emotional disablement of autistic people
  • Critical Disability Discourse
  • 2005
...
...