On the nature and direction of relationships between constructs and measures.

  title={On the nature and direction of relationships between constructs and measures.},
  author={Jeffrey R. Edwards and Richard P. Bagozzi},
  journal={Psychological methods},
  volume={5 2},
Theory development typically focuses on relationships among theoretical constructs, placing little emphasis on relationships between constructs and measures. In most cases, constructs are treated as causes of their measures. However, this causal flow is sometimes reversed, such that measures are viewed as causes of constructs. Procedures have been developed to identify and estimate models that specify constructs as causes or effects of measures. However, these procedures provide little guidance… CONTINUE READING
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 21 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS

From This Paper

Figures and tables from this paper.
190 Citations
94 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 190 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 94 references

Structural equations with latent variables

  • K. A. Bollen
  • New York: Wiley.
  • 1989
Highly Influential
8 Excerpts

Employing nominal variables, induced variables, and block variables in path analysis

  • D. R. Heise
  • Sociological Methods & Research, 1, 147-173.
  • 1972
Highly Influential
5 Excerpts

Causal models involving unobserved variables in stimulus-response situations

  • H. M. Blalock
  • H. M. Blalock (Ed.), Causal models in the social…
  • 1971
Highly Influential
7 Excerpts

Psychometric theory (2nd ed)

  • J. C. Nunnally
  • New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • 1978
Highly Influential
5 Excerpts

Theory, deduction, and the rules

  • H. L. Costner
  • 1969
Highly Influential
4 Excerpts

A structural contingency approach to bureaucracy and democracy in U.S. national unions

  • P. Jarley, J. Fiorito, J. T. Delaney
  • Academy of Management Journal,
  • 1997

An examination of the nature of trust in buyer-seller relationships

  • P. M. Doney, J. P. Cannon
  • Journal of Marketing,
  • 1997

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…