On the most luminous planetary nebulae of M31

  title={On the most luminous planetary nebulae of M31},
  author={Rebeca Galera-Rosillo and Antonio Mampaso and Romano L. M. Corradi and Jorge Garc'ia-Rojas and Bruce Balick and David Jones and Karen B. Kwitter and Laura Magrini and Eva Villaver},
  journal={Astronomy \& Astrophysics},
Context. The planetary nebula luminosity function (PNLF) is a standard candle that comprises a key rung on the extragalactic distance ladder. The method is based on the empirical evidence that the luminosity function of planetary nebulae (PNe) in the [O iii] λ5007 nebular emission line reaches a maximum value that is approximately invariant with population age, metallicity, or host galaxy type. However, the presence of bright PNe in old stellar populations is not easily explained by single-star… 
2 Citations

The Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function in the Era of Precision Cosmology

  • R. Ciardullo
  • Physics
    Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences
  • 2022
One of the great surprises of the late 1980s was the discovery that the [O III] λ5007 planetary nebula luminosity function (PNLF) could be used as a precision extragalactic standard candle. Despite

Planetary Nebulae: Sources of Enlightenment

  • K. KwitterR. Henry
  • Physics, Geology
    Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
  • 2022
In this review/tutorial we explore planetary nebulae as a stage in the evolution of low-to-intermediate-mass stars, as major contributors to the mass and chemical enrichment of the interstellar



Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables

a b s t r a c t The ab initio quasirelativistic Hartree–Fock method developed specifically for the calculation of spectral parameters of heavy atoms and highly charged ions is used to derive