Corpus ID: 10980342

On the misplaced politics of behavioral policy interventions ∗

@inproceedings{Tannenbaum2014OnTM,
  title={On the misplaced politics of behavioral policy interventions ∗},
  author={David Tannenbaum},
  year={2014}
}
One common criticism of “nudges” — general-purpose interventions derived from behavioral science that can be applied to a range of policy objectives — is that such interventions are manipulative and coercive. In this article we show that this criticism sometimes reflects a partisan nudge bias, whereby attitudes toward policy goals or policymakers distort feelings about policy interventions. In particular, people find nudges more ethically problematic when they are applied to policy objectives… Expand

Figures from this paper

The People’s Perspective on Libertarian-Paternalistic Policies
We examine the views toward libertarian-paternalistic (soft) governmental interventions in a series of online experiments conducted in three countries. We use both standard and new methods to elicitExpand
On the Ethics of Public Nudging: Autonomy and Agency
Nudges, i.e., low-cost interventions that steer people’s behavior without compromising their freedom of choice, are the key contribution of ‘Libertarian Paternalism’ (LP) to public policy. TheyExpand
Ethics of nudges: A general framework with a focus on shared preference justifications§
Abstract Nudges are soft interventions designed to influence human behaviour. They are increasingly used by policymakers around the world and generate heated controversies over their ethicalExpand
The Role of Autonomy and Reactance for Nudging - Experimentally Comparing Defaults to Recommendations and Mandates
Frequently, scholars and decision-makers criticize behavioral public policies for infringing on behavioral autonomy. This paper provides evidence from an online framed field experiment, in whichExpand
Exploring the (behavioural) political economy of nudging
Abstract In recent years, a novel, specifically institutional approach to public regulation has become popular, particularly in the Anglo-Saxon world: ‘Libertarian Paternalism’ promises to tackleExpand
The Impact of Framing and Phrasing on the Judged Desirability of Mandatory Rules
Market regulation has traditionally focused on disclosure duties — yet mounting evidence questions their effectiveness. The efficacy of nudges is similarly doubted, especially when suppliers counterExpand
Green Nudges: Do They Work? Are They Ethical?
Environmental policies are increasingly informed by behavioral economics insights. ‘Green nudges’ in particular have been suggested as a promising new tool to encourage consumers to act in anExpand
Point at, Nudge, or Push Private Provisions to a Public Good? Field Experimental Evidence for Experts, Politicians, and Nobodies
This paper investigates differences between a default, a recommendation, and a mandatory minimum contribution on private provision of a large scale public good. Their interaction with regulatorExpand
Behavioral Insights All Over the World? Public Attitudes Toward Nudging in a Multi-Country Study
Nudges are choice-preserving interventions that steer people’s behaviour in specific directions while allowing people to go their own way. Some nudges have been controversial, because they are seenExpand
Do People Like Mandatory Rules? The Impact of Framing and Phrasing
Market regulation has traditionally focused on disclosure duties, yet mounting evidence questions their effectiveness. The efficacy of nudges is similarly doubted, especially when suppliers counterExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
Detecting and Punishing Unconscious Bias
We present experimental results demonstrating how ideology shapes evaluations of technology aimed at detecting unconscious biases: (1) liberals supported use of the technology to detect unconsciousExpand
Cultural Cognition of Scientific Consensus
Why do members of the public disagree -- sharply and persistently -- about facts on which expert scientists largely agree? We designed a study to test a distinctive explanation: the culturalExpand
Enhanced active choice: A new method to motivate behavior change
High rates of medication non-adherence have significant public health and economic consequences. In other contexts such as savings behavior, opt-out policies, in which the alternative preferred byExpand
Preferences for Change: Do Individuals Prefer Voluntary Actions, Soft Regulations, or Hard Regulations to Decrease Fossil Fuel Consumption?
Pittsburgh residents (n = 209) reported their preferences for voluntary actions, soft regulations, and hard regulations to (a) limit the number of SUVs and trucks and (b) increase green energy useExpand
Outcome bias in decision evaluation.
TLDR
Although subjects who were asked felt that they should not consider outcomes in making these evaluations, they did so and the effect of outcome knowledge on evaluation may be explained partly in terms of its effect on the salience of arguments for each side of the choice. Expand
Treating stimuli as a random factor in social psychology: a new and comprehensive solution to a pervasive but largely ignored problem.
TLDR
The substantial biases inherent in analyses that ignore one or the other of the random factors are shown, and the substantial advantages of the mixed models approach are illustrated with both hypothetical and actual, well-known data sets in social psychology. Expand
Commitment devices: using initiatives to change behavior.
TLDR
The potential and limitations of an approach that behavioral science research has shown can be used to influence health behaviors but that is distinct from incentives are discussed: the use of commitment devices. Expand
Using Cognitive Dissonance to Encourage Water Conservation)
In a field experiment on water conservation, we aroused dissonance in patrons of the campus recreation facility by making them feel hypocritical about their showering habits. Using a 2 × 2 factorialExpand
Using implementation intentions prompts to enhance influenza vaccination rates
TLDR
A field experiment to measure the effect of prompts to form implementation intentions on realized behavioral outcomes at free on-site clinics offered by a large firm to its employees finds that vaccination rates increased when these implementation intentions prompts were included in the mailing. Expand
Mixed-effects modeling with crossed random effects for subjects and items
This paper provides an introduction to mixed-effects models for the analysis of repeated measurement data with subjects and items as crossed random effects. A worked-out example of how to use recentExpand
...
1
2
...