On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny. Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory.

@article{Baltes1997OnTI,
  title={On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny. Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory.},
  author={Paul B. Baltes},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  year={1997},
  volume={52 4},
  pages={
          366-80
        }
}
  • P. Baltes
  • Published 1997
  • Biology
  • The American psychologist
Drawing on both evolutionary and ontogenetic perspectives, the basic biological-genetic and social-cultural architecture of human development is outlined. Three principles are involved. First, evolutionary selection pressure predicts a negative age correlation, and therefore, genome-based plasticity and biological potential decrease with age. Second, for growth aspects of human development to extend further into the life span, culture-based resources are required at ever-increasing levels… 
The Origins of Human Nature: Evolutionary Developmental Psychology
TLDR
The authors point out that an evolutionary-developmental perspective allows one to view gene-environment interactions, the significance of individual differences, and the role of behaviour and development in evolution in much greater depth.
Lifespan Psychology: From Developmental Contextualism to Developmental Biocultural Co-constructivism
  • P. Baltes, Jacqui Smith
  • Psychology
    Special Issue: Contextual Influences on Life Span/Life Course Development
  • 2018
Lifespan psychology has always been associated with a family of scripts about development and aging. An initial set of scripts included proposals about developmental contextualism at the macro-level
Evolutionary developmental psychology.
TLDR
It is argued that contrasting the cognition of humans with that of nonhuman primates can provide a framework with which to understand how human cognitive abilities and intelligence evolved and that several <<immature>> aspects of childhood serve both as deferred adaptations as well as imparting immediate benefits.
Contributions of Lifespan Psychology to the Future Elaboration of Developmental Systems Theory
Developmental systems theories stress that, across the human life span, development involves the integration, or “fusion,” of changing relations among the multiple levels of organization that
Child development and evolutionary psychology.
TLDR
It is argued that an evolutionary perspective can be valuable for developing a better understanding of human ontogeny in contemporary society and that a developmental perspective is important for a betterUnderstanding of evolutionary psychology.
The Future of Lifespan Developmental Psychology: Perspectives from Control Theory
TLDR
In this chapter, future perspectives for lifespan developmental psychology are developed on the basis of propositions of the lifespan theory of control, which proposes a limited set of adaptive constellations of biological, cultural and societal, and individual regulations, which are characterized by positive tradeoffs between the three forces and simultaneously minimal overdetermination.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 99 REFERENCES
Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation.
The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, we review research on the nature of psychological aging in terms of seven propositions. Second, we present a psychological model for the study of
A life span model of successful aging.
TLDR
The model presented extends the discourse on this topic in three directions: (a) it frames the discussion of successful aging in the broader context of life course development; (b) it accounts for both normative and nonnormative success; and (c) it integrates motivational processes into a theory of successful Aging.
The aging mind: potential and limits.
TLDR
A model of successful aging, selective optimization with compensation, is presented to illustrate how individuals and societies might effectively manage the age-related shift toward a less positive balance between gains and losses and the associated dynamics between culture-based growth and biology-based decline in level of functioning.
Hormones and the Physiological Architecture of Life History Evolution
TLDR
It is argued that the MHC and other complex loci may be considered as life history gene complexes, with pleiotropic influences throughout the lifespan, and the population genetics that is involved provides a theoretical basis for great flexibility in hormonal regulation during life history evolution.
The Process of Successful Ageing
Abstract As increasingly more people experience old age as a time of growth and productivity, theoretical attention to successful ageing is needed. In this paper, we overview historical, societal and
Emergence of a powerful connection between sensory and cognitive functions across the adult life span: a new window to the study of cognitive aging?
TLDR
It is argued that the increase in the age-associated link between sensory and intellectual functioning may reflect brain aging and that the search for explanations of cognitive aging phenomena would benefit from attending to factors that are shared between the 2 domains.
Testing-the-Limits and the Study of Adult Age Differences in Cognitive Plasticity of a Mnemonic Skill
Investigated the range and limits of cognitive reserve capacity as a general approach to the under- standing of age differences in cognitive functioning. Testing-the-limits is proposed as a research
The many faces of human ageing: toward a psychological culture of old age
  • P. Baltes
  • Psychology
    Psychological Medicine
  • 1991
TLDR
In an effort to distil major findings about the nature of human ageing, seven propositions are presented as a guiding frame of reference and used to specify some conditions for a positive culture of old age and to advance one possible model of good psychological ageing.
...
...