On the function of flowers

@article{Bell1985OnTF,
  title={On the function of flowers},
  author={G. Bell},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences},
  year={1985},
  volume={224},
  pages={223 - 265}
}
  • G. Bell
  • Published 1985
  • Biology
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences
Most flowers are bisexual in function, but counting secondary allocation to attractive structures such as the corolla as equally male and female leads to the paradoxical conclusion that plants bearing perfect flowers invariably allocate much more to female than to male function. A method of calculating the gender of secondary floral allocation is described, and it is speculated that this allocation is predominantly male. Observations and experiments with natural populations of herbs, designed… Expand
Fruit to flower ratios and trade-offs in size and number
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It is shown that the spread of females is unlikely, unless there is high inbreeding depression and a rather high selfing rate, and that in some circumstances a linear relation between number of fertilized ovules and number of seeds matured can be less favorable for the invasion of females than is a highly concave relation. Expand
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Effects of sexual dimorphism on pollinator behaviour in a dioecious species
TLDR
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Plant Size and Reproductive Success through Female and Male Function
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Reproductive Success and Gender Variation in Deceit-Pollinated Orchids
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In hermaphroditic plants differences in floral attractiveness to pollinators are expected to influence male and female reproductive success and thus functional gender and the shape of the relationship between floral display and reproductive success in plants is clarified. Expand
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