On the durability of retrieval-induced forgetting

  title={On the durability of retrieval-induced forgetting},
  author={Benjamin C Storm and Elizabeth Ligon Bjork and Robert A. Bjork},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Psychology},
  pages={617 - 629}
Information retrieved from memory becomes more recallable in the future than it would have been otherwise. Competing information associated with the same cues, however, tends to become less recallable, at least for a while. Whether the latter effect—referred to as retrieval-induced forgetting—is persistent, or only transient, is the question that motivated the present research. Participants studied category-exemplar pairs, practised retrieving other exemplars of half the categories, and… 
Initial retrieval shields against retrieval-induced forgetting
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Relearning can eliminate the effect of retrieval-induced forgetting.
Results suggest that retrieval-induced forgetting can be eliminated by restudy, even when the forgetting effect was produced by three rounds of retrieval practice instead of one round of retrieved items.
Challenging the Contextual-Cuing Account of Retrieval-Induced Forgetting
Author(s): Buchli, Dorothy | Advisor(s): Bjork, Robert A; Bjork, Elizabeth L | Abstract: Most laypersons assume that remembering and forgetting occur along a single continuum. That is, to remember is
A progress report on the inhibitory account of retrieval-induced forgetting
The goal of the present progress report is to critically review the inhibitory account of retrieval-induced forgetting and to provide direction so that future research can have a more meaningful impact on the understanding of human memory.
The roles of delay and retroactive interference in retrieval-induced forgetting
The results are consistent with the results from recent testing-effect studies, which have reported reduced delay-induced forgetting and reduced susceptibility to interference for retrieval-practiced items, and generalize the results to related unpracticed items.
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The present study investigated if the diagnostic value of cues could reduce the need for inhibition operating within the retrieval-practice paradigm, which is part of the retrieval-induced forgetting
Forgetting as a consequence of retrieval: a meta-analytic review of retrieval-induced forgetting.
The first major meta-analysis of retrieval-induced forgetting is conducted, quantitatively evaluating the multitude of findings used to contrast these 2 theoretical viewpoints, and the results largely supported inhibition accounts but also provided some challenging evidence.


Accelerated relearning after retrieval-induced forgetting: the benefit of being forgotten.
Of most interest, and very surprising from a common-sense standpoint, items that were relearned benefited more from that relearning if they had previously been forgotten.
Retrieval-induced forgetting: Evidence for a recall-specific mechanism
These findings argue that retrieval-induced forgetting is not caused by increased competition arising from the strengthening of practiced items, but by inhibitory processes specific to the situation of recall.
Remembering can cause forgetting: retrieval dynamics in long-term memory.
A critical role for suppression in models of retrieval inhibition and a retrieval-induced forgetting that implicate the retrieval process itself in everyday forgetting are suggested.
Gone but Not Forgotten: The Transient Nature of Retrieval-Induced Forgetting
Investigating some possible boundary conditions of retrieval-induced forgetting found a critical determinant of temporary forgetting was the interval between guided retrieval practice and a final recall test, which is considered in the wider context of adaptive forgetting.
Is retrieval success a necessary condition for retrieval-induced forgetting?
Using a procedure in which some cues posed an impossible retrieval task for participants, evidence is reported that the attempt to retrieve, even if unsuccessful, can produce retrieval-induced forgetting, which supports and refines a suppression/inhibitory account of retrieval- induced forgetting.
[Durability of retrieval-induced forgetting].
  • K. Tandoh, M. Naka
  • Psychology
    Shinrigaku kenkyu : The Japanese journal of psychology
  • 2007
The results showed that retrieval-induced forgetting occurred at all retention intervals, even after one week, and the magnitude of impairment did not change across the retention intervals.
Integration as a general boundary condition on retrieval-induced forgetting
When people form connections between several memories that share a common retrieval cue, the tendency for those memories to interfere with one another during later retrieval attempts is often
Semantic Generation Can Cause Episodic Forgetting
This result indicates that, first, semantic generation can cause recall-specific episodic forgetting and, second, retrieval-induced forgetting can occur even if the retrieved and nonretrieved items belong to different experiential episodes and tasks.