On the driving processes of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation

@article{Kuhlbrodt2007OnTD,
  title={On the driving processes of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation},
  author={T. Kuhlbrodt and A. Griesel and M. Montoya and A. Levermann and M. Hofmann and S. Rahmstorf},
  journal={Reviews of Geophysics},
  year={2007},
  volume={45}
}
Because of its relevance for the global climate the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) has been a major research focus for many years. Yet the question of which physical mechanisms ultimately drive the AMOC, in the sense of providing its energy supply, remains a matter of controversy. Here we review both observational data and model results concerning the two main candidates: vertical mixing processes in the ocean's interior and wind-induced Ekman upwelling in the Southern Ocean… Expand
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