On the behaviour of stellar winds that exceed the photon‐tiring limit

@article{Marle2009OnTB,
  title={On the behaviour of stellar winds that exceed the photon‐tiring limit},
  author={A. J. van Marle and Stanley P. Owocki and N. J. Shaviv},
  journal={Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
  year={2009},
  volume={394},
  pages={595-604}
}
Stars can produce steady-state winds through radiative driving as long as the mechanical luminosity of the wind does not exceed the radiative luminosity at its base. This upper bound on the mass loss rate is known as the photon-tiring limit. Once above this limit, the radiation field is unable to lift all the mater ial out of the gravitational potential of the star, such that only part of it can escape and reach infinity. The rest stalls and falls back toward the stellar surface, making a st… 

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