On the abundance of primordial helium

  title={On the abundance of primordial helium},
  author={Keith A. Olive and Gary Steigman},
  journal={Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series},
We have used recent observations of helium-4, nitrogen and oxygen from some four dozen, low metallicity, extra-galactic HII regions to define mean $N$ versus $O$, $^4He$ versus $N$ and $^4He$ versus $O$ relations which are extrapolated to zero metallicity to determine the primordial $^4He$ mass fraction $Y_P$. The data and various subsets of the data, selected on the basis of nitrogen and oxygen, are all consistent with $Y_P = 0.232 \pm 0.003$. For the 2$\sigma$ (statistical) upper bound we… 

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