On the Verifiability of ( Electronic ) Exams

  title={On the Verifiability of ( Electronic ) Exams},
  author={Jannik Dreier and Rosario Giustolisi and Ali Kassem and Pascal Lafourcade and Gabriele Lenzini},
The main concern for institutions that organize exams is to detect when students cheat. Actually more frauds are possible and even authorities can be dishonest. If institutions wish to keep exams a trustworthy business, anyone and not only the authorities should be allowed to look into an exam’s records and verify the presence or the absence of frauds. In short, exams should be verifiable. However, what verifiability means for exams is unclear and no tool to analyze an exam’s verifiability is… CONTINUE READING