On the Terminology of Biosphere and Ecosphere

@article{GILLARD1969OnTT,
  title={On the Terminology of Biosphere and Ecosphere},
  author={A. GILLARD},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1969},
  volume={223},
  pages={500-501}
}
THE term biosphere was defined by J. B. Lamarck as the rough total of the matter of all living beings. The tenor of the term has greatly altered since. By biosphere, modern biologists mean the part of the Earth's crust (lithosphere and hydrosphere) and of the lower parts of the Earth's atmosphere (troposphere) where life is present, together with the living organisms themselves. Accordingly, the biosphere consists of living and non-living components. It is the total complex of soil, water, air… CONTINUE READING

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