On the Statistics of Individual Variations of Productivity in Research Laboratories

@article{Shockley1957OnTS,
  title={On the Statistics of Individual Variations of Productivity in Research Laboratories},
  author={William Bradford Shockley},
  journal={Proceedings of the IRE},
  year={1957},
  volume={45},
  pages={279-290}
}
It is well-known that some workers in scientific research laboratories are enormously more creative than others. If the number of scientific publications is used as a measure of productivity, it is found that some individuals create new science at a rate at least fifty times greater than others. Thus differences in rates of scientific production are much bigger than differences in the rates of performing simpler acts, such as the rate of running the mile, or the number of words a man can speak… CONTINUE READING

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