On the Role of the Michelson–Morley Experiment: Einstein in Chicago

@article{Dongen2009OnTR,
  title={On the Role of the Michelson–Morley Experiment: Einstein in Chicago},
  author={Jeroen van Dongen},
  journal={Archive for History of Exact Sciences},
  year={2009},
  volume={63},
  pages={655-663}
}
  • J. V. Dongen
  • Published 17 July 2009
  • Physics
  • Archive for History of Exact Sciences
This article discusses new material, published in volume 12 of the Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, that addresses Einstein’s knowledge of the Michelson–Morley experiment prior to 1905: in a lecture in Chicago in 1921, Einstein referred to the experiment, mentioned when he came upon it and hinted at its influence. Arguments are presented to explain the contrast with Einstein’s later pronouncements on the role of the experiment. 
Einstein's reinterpretation of the Fizeau experiment: How it turned out to be crucial for special relativity
  • Alejandro Cassini, M. Levinas
  • Physics
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
  • 2019
Can we trust Einstein's accounts of the genesis of special relativity?
The Michelson-Morley Muddle
The theory of relativity became known to the wider public in the early 1920s, and as a spin-off Einstein assumed the social role of a scientific celebrity. His being photogenic and willing to clown
Lorentz Contraction vs. Einstein Contraction. Reichenbach and the Philosophical Reception of Miller’s Ether-Drift Experiments
In 1925 Reichenbach, by reacting to the positive result of Miller’s ether-drift experiments, introduced a distinction between two types of rod contraction in special relativity: a kinematical
The Epistemic Virtues of the Virtuous Theorist: On Albert Einstein and His Autobiography
Albert Einstein’s practice in physics and his philosophical positions gradually reoriented themselves from more empiricist towards rationalist viewpoints. This change accompanied his turn towards
The Cambridge Companion to Einstein
Introduction Michel Janssen and Christoph Lehner 1. Einstein's Copernican revolution Jurgen Renn and Robert Rynasiewicz 2. Einstein's special theory of relativity and the problems in the
'No Success like Failure ...': Einstein's Quest for General Relativity, 1907-1920
This is the chapter on general relativity for the Cambridge Companion to Einstein which I am co-editing with Christoph Lehner.
Biography or Obituary? The Historiographical Value of the Death of the Ether
In the preface to the second edition of his A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity, issued in 1951, Edmund Whittaker explained why he decided to preserve the old title. First published
Three and a Half Principles: The Origins of Modern Relativity Theory
In 1900 the field theory of electromagnetism, which owes it origins primarily to the work of James Clerk Maxwell, had been under rapid development for two decades. In the 1880s a number of British
Special Relativity: The Revival of Metaphysics
Special Relativity (SR) was introduced to the scientific world as a revolutionary new compound of ideas. The theory rightly rejected the idea of aether and presented the first case of uncertainty in
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Einstein's "Kyoto Lecture": The Michelson-Morley Experiment
In the summer of 1996, I was asked by the editors of the Einstein Papers Project at Boston University to help prepare a new translation into English of a lecture by Einstein given at the Imperial
Mach, Einstein, and the Search for Reality
In the history of ideas of our century, there is a chapter that might be entitled ‘The Philosophical Pilgrimage of Albert Einstein’, a pilgrimage from a philosophy of science in which sensationism
Einstein and Ether Drift Experiments
Volume 1 of The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, to be published on 22 May, contains a number of previously unpublished lecture notes, examination papers and letters by Einstein. Among the most
Book-Review - Einstein and Michelson - the Context of Discovery and the Context of Justification
The philosopher of science is not much intersted in the thought processes which lead to scientific discoveries; he looks for a logical analysis of the completed theory, including the relationships
Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist
Written by the man considered the "Person of the Century" by Time magazine, this is not a glimpse into Einstein's personal life, but an extension and elaboration into his thinking on science. Two of
Einstein, Michelson, and the "Crucial" Experiment
THE HIGHEST ACHIEVEMENTS in science are of quite different kinds: the bold theoretical generalization, breathtaking by virtue of its sweeping synthetic power, and the ingenious experiment, sometimes
Michelson-Morley Experiment
The Michelson-Morley experiment, performed in Cleveland in 1887, proved to be the definitive test for discarding the Fresnel aether hypothesis which had dominated physics throughout the 19th century.
Emil Rupp, Albert Einstein and the canal ray experiments on wave-particle duality: Scientific fraud and theoretical bias
In 1926, Emil Rupp published a number of papers on the interference properties of light emitted by canal ray sources. These articles, particularly one paper that came into being in close
How I created the theory of relativity
It is known that when Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922, he was unable to attend the ceremonies in Stockholm in December of that year because of an earlier commitment to
...
1
2
3
...