On the Precipice of a “Majority-Minority” America

  title={On the Precipice of a “Majority-Minority” America},
  author={Maureen A. Craig and Jennifer A Richeson},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={1189 - 1197}
The U.S. Census Bureau projects that racial minority groups will make up a majority of the U.S. national population in 2042, effectively creating a so-called majority-minority nation. In four experiments, we explored how salience of such racial demographic shifts affects White Americans’ political-party leanings and expressed political ideology. Study 1 revealed that making California’s majority-minority shift salient led politically unaffiliated White Americans to lean more toward the… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Racial and Political Dynamics of an Approaching “Majority-Minority” United States
Do demographic shifts in the racial composition of the United States promote positive changes in the nation’s racial dynamics? Change in response to the nation’s growing diversity is likely, but itsExpand
Racial Projections in Perspective: Public Reactions to Narratives about Rising Diversity
Threatened reactions to news about the approach of a racial majority-minority society have profoundly influenced Americans’ political attitudes and electoral choices. Existing research casts theseExpand
Information about the US racial demographic shift triggers concerns about anti-White discrimination among the prospective White “minority”
Examination of how exposure to information about this racial shift affects perceptions of the extent to which different racial groups face discrimination suggests that reports about the changing national demographics enhance concerns among Whites that they will be the victims of racial discrimination in the future. Expand
The threat of increasing diversity: Why many White Americans support Trump in the 2016 presidential election
What accounts for the widespread support for Donald Trump in the 2016 U.S. presidential race? This experiment demonstrates that the changing racial demographics of America contribute to Trump’sExpand
White Identity Politics
Amidst discontent over America's growing diversity, many white Americans now view the political world through the lens of a racial identity. Whiteness was once thought to be invisible because ofExpand
Privilege on the Precipice: Perceived Racial Status Threats Lead White Americans to Oppose Welfare Programs
Abstract:Here, we integrate prior work to develop and test a theory of how perceived macro-level trends in racial standing shape whites’ views of welfare policy. We argue that when whites perceiveExpand
Racial Change, Racial Threat, and Minority Representation in Cities
As the racial complexion of cities has shifted over the last 20 years, the struggles for political power have become more complex. Some cities, like Ferguson, Missouri, have seen their BlackExpand
Assessing the Political Distinctiveness of White Millennials: How Race and Generation Shape Racial and Political Attitudes in a Changing America
White Americans will soon lose their majority status—news that provokes group threat and a conservative response. Yet an alternative outcome focused on white millennials is also possible. This studyExpand
Hispanic Population Growth Engenders Conservative Shift Among Non-Hispanic Racial Minorities
The racial/ethnic diversity of the United States is increasing, yet recent social psychological research has focused primarily on White Americans’ reactions to this demographic trend. The presentExpand
Call to (In)Action: The Effects of Racial Priming on Grassroots Mobilization
Previous work on the effects of race on the political behaviors of white Americans is beset with two problems. First, much of the work on the effect of race has looked primarily at attitudes asExpand


More Diverse Yet Less Tolerant? How the Increasingly Diverse Racial Landscape Affects White Americans’ Racial Attitudes
The results suggest that rather than ushering in a more tolerant future, the increasing diversity of the nation may instead yield intergroup hostility. Expand
Racial Threat and Partisan Identification
Power theory views relationships between groups as a function of their competitive positions in political, economic, and social arenas. In contexts where the threat posed by a minority group is high,Expand
Feeling Threatened About the Future
White Canadians who thought about a future in which Whites were a numerical minority appraised the ingroup as more threatened, which mediated the effect of condition on intergroup emotions and discussed the implications for race relations in increasingly diverse societies. Expand
Threat causes liberals to think like conservatives
In Study 1, politically liberal college students’ in-group favoritism increased after a system-injustice threat, becoming as pronounced as that of conservatives. Studies 2 and 3 conceptuallyExpand
Deliver us from Evil: The Effects of Mortality Salience and Reminders of 9/11 on Support for President George W. Bush
Investigation of how thoughts about death and the 9/11 terrorist attacks influence Americans’ attitudes toward current U.S. President George W. Bush found that reminding people of their own mortality increased support for Bush and his counterterrorism policies. Expand
Political Attitudes Vary with Physiological Traits
Evidence that variations in political attitudes correlate with physiological traits is presented, suggesting that individuals with measurably lower physical sensitivities to sudden noises and threatening visual images were more likely to support foreign aid, liberal immigration policies, pacifism, and gun control. Expand
Terrorism Salience increases System Justification: Experimental Evidence
The issue of international terrorism has figured frequently in recent political debates and media coverage. In the present paper, we explore the question of how the salience of the concept ofExpand
Conservative Shift among Liberals and Conservatives Following 9/11/01
Political orientation and political attitudes were measured in two independent adult samples. One sample was taken several months before the terrorist attacks on 9/11/01; the other, shortly after.Expand
Conservative Shift Among High-Exposure Survivors of the September 11th Terrorist Attacks
Potentially traumatic events evoke a wide range of responses and outcomes. From a motivated social cognitive approach to ideology, system-threatening events such as 9/11 should increase psychologicalExpand
Motivated Closed-Mindedness Mediates the Effect of Threat on Political Conservatism
In this article we synthesize theory and research from several areas of psychology and political science to propose and test a causal model of the effects of threat on political attitudes. Based inExpand