On the Origin of Solar Flares

  title={On the Origin of Solar Flares},
  author={Thomas Gold and Fred Sir Hoyle},
  journal={Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
  • T. Gold, F. Hoyle
  • Published 1 February 1960
  • Physics
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Earth-affecting solar transients: a review of progresses in solar cycle 24
The unprecedented multi-viewpoint observations of the Sun from space, enabled by STEREO Ahead/Behind spacecraft in combination with a suite of observatories along the Sun-Earth lines, have provided much more accurate and global measurements of the size, speed, propagation direction, and morphology of CMEs in both 3D and over a large volume in the heliosphere.
Flux Ropes as Singularities of the Vector Potential
A flux rope is a domain where a twisted magnetic field [B] is concentrated; it can be described as the core of a singularity of the outer field or the outer vector potential [A] (Kleman and Robbins
Magnetic field line lengths inside interplanetary magnetic flux ropes
We report on the detailed and systematic study of field line twist and length distributions within magnetic flux ropes embedded in interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs). The Grad‐Shafranov
Access of cosmic rays to an ICME from external field lines
  • T. Laitinen, S. Dalla
  • Physics
    Proceedings of 37th International Cosmic Ray Conference — PoS(ICRC2021)
  • 2021
Interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) cause decreases, so-called Forbush decreases, in the cosmic ray (CR) intensities. FDs are seen as up to 25% decreases in neutron monitor counts at Earth,
Magnetic flux ropes in the solar corona: structure and evolution toward eruption
Magnetic flux ropes are characterized by coherently twisted magnetic field lines, which are ubiquitous in magnetized plasmas. As the core structure of various eruptive phenomena in the solar
Effects of twist on the evolution of knotted magnetic flux tubes
We develop a general method for constructing knotted flux tubes with finite thickness, arbitrary shape and tunable twist. The central axis of the knotted tube is specified by a smooth and
Re-analysis of Lepping’s Fitting Method for Magnetic Clouds: Lundquist Fit Reloaded
Magnetic clouds (MCs) are a subset of ejecta, launched from the Sun as coronal mass ejections. The coherent rotation of the magnetic field vector observed in MCs leads to envision MCs as formed by
Global Energetics of Solar Flares. IX. Refined Magnetic Modeling
A more accurate analytical solution of the {\sl vertical-current approximation nonlinear force-free field (VCA3-NLFFF)} model is presented that includes besides the radial $(B_r)$ and the azimuthal
Contemporary Space Weather Need: Going Beyond the Global Oscillation Network Group
The article “The Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG) Facility—An Example of Research to Operations in Space Weather” by Frank Hill (https://doi.org/10.1029/2018SW002001) narrates how an
Heliospheric Evolution of Magnetic Clouds
Interplanetary evolution of eleven magnetic clouds (MCs) recorded by at least two radially aligned spacecraft is studied. The in situ magnetic field measurements are fitted to a cylindrically