On the Orientation of Ancient Egyptian Temples: (1) Upper Egypt and Lower Nubia

@article{Shaltout2005OnTO,
  title={On the Orientation of Ancient Egyptian Temples: (1) Upper Egypt and Lower Nubia},
  author={M. A. Mosalam Shaltout and Juan Antonio Taguenca Belmonte},
  journal={Journal for the History of Astronomy},
  year={2005},
  volume={36},
  pages={273 - 298}
}
Were the temples of the ancient Egyptian civilization astronomically orientated? This is a very important question and one that, as the above quotation stresses, is far from being solved. Recently, Richard Wilkinson, in his useful The complete temples of Ancient Egypt, clearly stated that “most commonly temples built along the Nile were oriented on an east–west axis, according to local cardinal directions as determined by the river”, and if so local topography would be the commanding reason for… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

On the Orientation of Ancient Egyptian Temples: (2) New Experiments at the Oases of the Western Desert
The debate on the astronomical orientation of ancient Egyptian monuments is an intriguing topic that has recently gained credit in among specialists. In a previous article (hereafter Paper 1),1 inExpand
On the Orientation of Ancient Egyptian Temples: (5) Testing the Theory in Middle Egypt and Sudan
In a series of papers published in this journal in recent years, some of the authors, members of the Egyptian-Spanish Mission for the Archaeoastronomy of Ancient Egypt, have made a number ofExpand
On the Orientation of Ancient Egyptian Temples: (3) Key Points in Lower Egypt and Siwa Oasis, Part I
In the first article arising out from our project (hereafter Paper 1) published a couple of years ago, we raised the question of whether the temples of the ancient Egyptian civilization were or wereExpand
ON THE ORIENTATION OF ANCIENT EGYPTIAN TEMPLES: (3) KEY POINTS AT LOWER EGYPT AND SIWA OASIS, PART I MOSALAM SHALTOUT, Helwan Observatory,
In the first article arising out from our project (hereafter Paper 1) published a couple of years ago, we raised the question of whether the temples of the ancient Egyptian civilization were or wereExpand
Keeping Ma'at: An astronomical approach to the orientation of the temples in ancient Egypt
Abstract For various reasons, Archaeoastronomy has not been one of the favourite disciplines of the Egyptologists in the past. Probably because of that, important questions such as the orientation ofExpand
A Firmament above Thebes: Uncovering the Constellations of Ancient Egyptians
The study of ancient sacred sources permits us to say that the ancient Egyptians had a complete set of constellations covering the whole sky that could be seen from Egyptian latitudes. There were twoExpand
Studying the Orientations of Luxor Ancient Egyptian Temples Using QuickBird Images
Ancient Egyptians change the orientation of their temples from True East (during the old kingdom) to the Winter Solstice (during the new kingdom), because of the cultic change from a rather pureExpand
Applying Solar Geometry to Understand the Foundation Rituals of ‘Old Kingdom’ Egyptian Pyramids
Abstract The republication of the interesting book by Rossi (2003, 2007) has provoked questions about the orientation of Egyptian pyramids from the architectural science point of view. The mainExpand
‘A Temple Comes to Being’. A Few Comments on the Temple Foundation Ritual
Building a temple in Ancient Egypt began with the Foundation Ritual and ended with the consecration of the completed monument to its gods. The moment when the temple was ready for its culticExpand
Greek Temple Orientation: The Case of the Older Parthenon in Athens
The study of the orientation of ancient structures has recently experienced a renaissance in scientific interest after languishing for much of the twentieth century. Under the umbrella of the newExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
An Ancient Method of Finding and Extending Direction
The ability of the ancient Egyptian surveyors to orient some of their monuments to the meridian with accuracy has long perplexed modern societies. Although generally their temples were not wellExpand
Ancient Egyptian chronology and the astronomical orientation of pyramids
TLDR
Trends in the orientation of Old Kingdom pyramids are used to demonstrate that the Egyptians aligned them to north by using the simultaneous transit of two circumpolar stars, thereby providing an anchor for the Old Kingdom chronologies. Expand
Some open questions on the Egyptian calendar: an astronomer's view
The ancient Egyptians had just one calendar in operation, the civil one, during most of their historical period and before the overwhelming influence of Hellenic culture. This calendar could haveExpand
The Astronomical Orientation of the Egyptian Pyramids
Of the many problems involving the design and construction of the Egyptian pyramids, one of the most interesting is that posed by their orientation to the cardinal points. Most of the major pyramidsExpand
The complete temples of ancient Egypt
A comprehensive survey of all Egypt's temples, from Luxor and Karnak to those in the delta, oases and Nubia. It traces the processes of building and decorating, how they functioned, and what happenedExpand
Le temple d'Isis à Dendera
Temple de la naissance d'Isis edifie sous Auguste, independant du domaine d'Hathor, avec sa propre porte ouvrant a l'Est. Hormis la representation de la naissance d'Isis ce petit sanctuaire apparaitExpand
Gebel Tjauti rock inscription 11”, in Theban desert road survey in the Egyptian Western Desert, i: Gebel Tjauti and Wadi El-Hol rock
  • (Chicago,
  • 2002
Gebel Tjauti rock inscription 11
  • Theban desert road survey in the Egyptian Western Desert, i: Gebel Tjauti and Wadi EI-Hol rock inscriptions 1-45
  • 2002
...
1
2
3
4
5
...