On the Limits of Empathy

  title={On the Limits of Empathy},
  author={Juliet Koss},
  journal={The Art Bulletin},
  pages={139 - 157}
In late-nineteenth-century Germany, Einfühlung, or empathy (literally, “feeling into”) described an individual spectator's active perceptual experience—both haptic and optical—of an image, object, or spatial environment Critique from within the discourse and a loss of interest among art historians and psychologists around 1900 preceded more forceful rejections by Wilhelm Worringer in 1908 and, later, Bertolt Brecht. The concept's critical history reveals and reflects disciplinary fractures; a… 
Memory, Empathy, and the Politics of Identification
This essay explores the ethical and political dimensions of what I have elsewhere called “prosthetic memories” (Landsberg, Prosthetic memory: The transformation of American remembrance in the age of
Empathy, Sympathy, Aesthetics, and Childhood: Fledgling Thoughts
This essay puts forth gently, in nondoctrinaire fashion, two claims, the first being that what we call empathy ought more properly to be called sympathy; the second that empathy per se may be found
Empathy theory and Heinrich Wölfflin: A reconsideration
Empathy theory, which attempts to offer a psychological explanation of how we understand visual forms by endowing them with life, was one of the most important strands in German aesthetics around
Empathy’s Translations: Three Paths from Einfühlung into Anglo-American Psychology
The term “empathy” appeared as a translation of the German Einfuhlung in Anglophone psychology in the first decade of the twentieth century. Contrary to popular understanding, Edward B. Titchener was
Antipsychologism in Interwar Musical Thought: Two Ways of Hearing Debussy
ABSTRACT:When the philosopher and critic José Ortega y Gasset (1883–1955) diagnosed the literature and music of the post-First-World-War generation as an art of 'dehumanization', he singled out
Practicing psychology in the art gallery: Vernon Lee's aesthetics of empathy.
  • S. Lanzoni
  • Psychology, Art
    Journal of the history of the behavioral sciences
  • 2009
It is argued that Lee's empirically based empathy theory of art was a significant contribution to debates on psychological aesthetics at the outset of the twentieth century, offering a synthesis of Lipps's mentalistic Einfühlung and sensation-based imitation theories of aesthetic response.
Performance and the Pace of Empathy
John H. Muse is assistant professor of English and a member of the Committee on Theater and Performance Studies at the University of Chicago. His research and teaching focus on modern and
Entangled empathy, drug use, and photographs of suffering.
Empathetic Engagement with Artwork: New Insights from Neuroscience
New research is emerging in the field of neuroscience and cognitive psychology that has implications for how art educators can help students respond to artworks with deeper levels of empathy. Empathy


Beauty and the Status of Contemporary Criticism
OCTOBER 104, Spring 2003, pp. 115–130. © 2003 October Magazine, Ltd. and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In December 1994, the veteran New Yorker dance critic Arlene Croce published a
The philosophical development of the conception of psychology in Germany.
  • D. E. Leary
  • Psychology
    Journal of the history of the behavioral sciences
  • 1978
It is proposed that Immanuel Kant's criticism of the psychological tradition and his articulation of a specific philosophy of science provided the negative and positive foundations upon which Jakob Friedrich Fries, Johann Friedrich Herbart, and Friedrich Eduard Beneke developed the conceptualization of scientific psychology.
Giedion, Space, Time and Architecture (Cam­ bridge
  • Bauhaus
  • 1941
An EngUsh translation (mistakenly dated 1905) is found in AI'T" BULLETIN MARCH
  • Die Zukunfl
  • 1906
Further analysis of Wolfflin's dissertation appears in Mallgrave and Ikonomou, introduction
  • Mallgrave and Ikonomou, Empathy, Form and Space
The Ger­ man is found in Nietzsche, "Richard Wagner in Bayreuth," in Unzeitgemisse Betrachtungen IV, reprinted in Nietzsche Werke: Kritische Gesamtausgabe
  • Untimely Meditations,
  • 1997