On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children

  title={On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children},
  author={Gary Stanley Becker and H. Gregg Lewis},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  pages={S279 - S288}
Students of human fertility have been aware for a long time that there may be some special relation between the number (quantity) of children ever born to a family and the "quality" of their children as perceived by others if not by the parents. One need only cite the negative correlation between quantity and quality of children per family so often observed in both cross-section and time-series data. One of us (Becker 1960) more than a decade ago stressed the importance for understanding… 
On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children
The trade-off between quantity and quality is a much-discussed issue in economics. In recent decades, economists have increasingly turned their attention to behavior within families because of its
Fertility and the economy
  • G. Becker
  • Economics
    Journal of population economics
  • 1992
I relate the demand for children to parental incomes and the cost of rearing children — especially to the value of the time spent on child care and to public policies that change the cost of
A Model of Fertility and Children's Schooling
In the Quality-Quantity Interaction model developed by Becker et al expenditures per child (quality) and number of children (quantity) enter multiplicatively in the income-expenditure constraint. In
Child Labor and the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children
This article analyzes the impacts of child labor on the interaction between the quantity and quality of children in the spirit of Becker and Lewis. It shows that, without child labor, the quantity of
The effect of family size on education: new evidence from China's one-child policy
Abstract Economists theorize that the inverse relationship between income and family size reflects a trade-off between child quality and quantity. Testing this hypothesis requires addressing the
Family size and children quality: New evidence and new exogenous shocks in the case of Colombian Households
The interaction between family size and children quality has been a recurring topic in the economics of family. However, there is scarce evidence in Latin America, and the literature has not yet
What Have We Learned from the Economics of the Family
The family is distinguished from other social institutions, such as firms, by its crucial role in the production and nurture of children and its rationale is ultimately to be found in the preferences
The quantity/quality tradeoff argument in explaining fertility decline has focused on the association between more education among children and fewer siblings. Human capital formation is also related
Occupational variation in the relationship between child health and family size.
  • J. Sarkar
  • Medicine, Economics
    Health economics
  • 2019
The paper shows that the quantity-quality relationships are subject to occupational variation when quality is given by nutritional status, and occupations differ in their physical labor intensity, and embeds a minimum consumption requirement that rises with physical work intensity of occupation.


Child Quality and the Demand for Children.
The past decade has brought a substantial increase in economic analyses of phenomena outside the traditional realm of economics. An already sizable portion of such effort has been directed toward the
The Value of Children: An Economic Perspective
  • T. Schultz
  • Economics
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1973
It is postulated that parents respond to economic considerations in the children they bear and rear and that they equate the sacrifices and services expected in arriving at the value of children to
A Theory of Social Interactions
  • G. Becker
  • Economics
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1974
This essay uses simple tools of economic theory to analyze interactions between the behavior of some persons and different characteristics of other persons. Although these interactions are emphasized
A Theory of Social Interactions
  • G. Becker
  • Economics
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1974
This essay incorporates a general treatment of social interactions into the modern theory of consumer demand. Section 1 introduces the topic and explores some of the existing perspectives on social