On the Hypothesis that Animals are Automata, and its History

  title={On the Hypothesis that Animals are Automata, and its History},
  author={Thomas Henry Huxley Huxley},
AT this period of the meeting of the British Association I am quite sure it is hardly necessary for me to call to your minds the nature of the business which takes place at our sectional meetings. We there register the progress which science has made during the past year, and we do our best to advance that progress by original communications and free discussion. But when the honourable task of delivering this evening's lecture was imposed upon me, or rather as my friend the President has just… 
The Case Against the Case Against Free Will
  • R. Bergner
  • Philosophy
    Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
  • 2018
My aim in this paper is to demonstrate that those who believe that they have mounted a decisive, logically and scientifically based case against the existence of a human capability to engage in
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In the Origin of Species, Darwin (1809–1882) endorsed what he took to be the common notion of instinct: “An action, which we ourselves should require experience to enable us to perform, when
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  • L. Jacyna
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 1981
In 1879 G. H. Lewes described the state of current British mental science as three main ‘schools’ of psychology, which stood in the tradition of Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Condillac, Hartley, and James Mill.
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ABSTRACT Physiologists have long known that some vertebrates can survive for months without a brain. This phenomenon attracted limited attention until the nineteenth century when a series of
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The starting assumption is that consciousness (subjective experience), rather than being an epiphenomenon, has a causal role in the optimization of certain human behaviors. After briefly outlining
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Recent discoveries suggest that consciousness is adaptively valuable as a late error-detection mechanism in the initiation of action, and point to experimental techniques for assessing its presence or absence in non-human mammals.
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Mesnet, Medecin de I'H6pital Saint-Antoine. L'Union Medicale
  • Juillet 21 et 23,
  • 1874