• Corpus ID: 251564789

On the First Law of Thermodynamics in Time-Dependent Open Quantum Systems

  title={On the First Law of Thermodynamics in Time-Dependent Open Quantum Systems},
  author={Parthasarathi Ajit Kumar and Charles A. Stafford},
How to rigorously define thermodynamic quantities such as heat, work, and internal energy in open quantum systems driven far from equilibrium remains a significant open question in quantum thermodynamics. Heat is a quantity whose fundamental definition applies only to processes in systems infinitesimally perturbed from equilibrium, and as such, must be accounted for carefully in strongly-driven systems. In this work, an unambiguous operator for the internal energy of an interacting time-dependent… 

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